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Placidochromis mbunoides Hanssens, 2004

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Placidochromis mbunoides
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.


Malawi country information

Common names: [No common name]
Occurrence: endemic
Salinity: freshwater
Abundance: | Ref:
Importance: | Ref:
Aquaculture: | Ref:
Regulations: | Ref:
Uses: live export: yes;
Comments: Type locality of the holotype of P. mbunoides: 'Transect SW-SE Arm (Malawi)' (Ref. 55898). Known from Young's Bay, Nkhotakota and north of Nankumba Peninsula (Ref. 55898). Also Ref. 79521.
National Checklist:
Country Information: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/mi.html
National Fisheries Authority:
Occurrences: Occurrences Point map
Main Ref: Hanssens, M., 2004
National Database:

Common names from other countries

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Placidochromis: Latin, placidus = of peaceful or tranquile appearance + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335);  mbunoides: = mbuna-like; named for the resemblance of its body shape to some of the mbuna (a group of mainly rock-dwelling species) from Lake Malawi (Ref. 55898).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range 98 - 122 m (Ref. 55898).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: endemic to Lake Malawi, present in Malawi (Ref. 55898).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55898)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 15 - 16; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 8 - 9. Diagnosis: head length 35.9-37.0 %SL; snout length 27.9-31.3 % head length; lower jaw length 32.7-37.9 % head length; outer oral dentition well developed bicuspid; 1/1 to 1/2 inner oral tooth rows; premaxillary pedicel length 23.8-26.4 % head length; lachrymal depth 15.4-18.0 % head length; cheek depth 19.2-21.5 % head length; interorbital width 19.2-22.9 % head length; lower pharyngeal jaw length 28.7-30.5 % head length; body depth 32.2-35.6 %SL (Ref. 55898).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Hanssens, M., 2004. The deep-water Placidochromis species. p. 104-197. In J. Snoeks (ed.) The cichlid diversity of Lake Malawi/Nyasa/Niassa: identification, distribution and taxonomy. Cichlid Press, El Paso, USA. (Ref. 55898)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 20 June 2018

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .