Ecology of Halichoeres hortulanus
 
Main Ref. Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Halichoeres hortulanus may be found.
Remarks Inhabit sand patches of lagoon and seaward reefs to at least 30 m (Ref. 1602). Juveniles common at the bottom of surge channels (Ref. 9710). Feed mainly on hard-shelled prey, including molluscs, crustaceans and sea urchins.

Substrate

Substrate Soft Bottom: sand; Hard Bottom: rubble;
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats Beds: sea grass; Coral Reefs;
Special habitats Ref. Broad, G., 2003

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly animals (troph. 2.8 and up)
Feeding type ref Westneat, M.W., 2001
Feeding habit hunting macrofauna (predator)
Feeding habit ref Westneat, M.W., 2001
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition
Ref.
From individual food items 3.40 0.42 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 12.22.00
Modified by OrtaƱez, Auda Kareen on 12.12.08
Checked by Sta. Iglesia, Drina on 01.02.01
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