Ecology of Ethmidium maculatum
 
Main Ref. Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985
Distribution
Marine - Neritic
  • supra-littoral zone
  • littoral zone
  • sublittoral zone
Marine - Oceanic
  • epipelagic
  • mesopelagic
  • epipelagic
  • abyssopelagic
  • hadopelagic
Brackishwater
  • estuaries/lagoons/brackish seas
  • mangroves
  • marshes/swamps
Freshwater
  • rivers/streams
  • lakes/ponds
  • caves
  • exclusively in caves
Highighted items on the list are where Ethmidium maculatum may be found.
Remarks

Substrate

Substrate
Substrate Ref.
Special habitats
Special habitats Ref.

Associations

Ref.
Associations
Associated with
Association remarks
Parasitism

Feeding

Feeding type mainly plants/detritus (troph. 2-2.19)
Feeding type ref Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985
Feeding habit filtering plankton
Feeding habit ref Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985
Trophic level(s)
Original sample Unfished population Remark
Estimation method Troph s.e. Troph s.e.
From diet composition 2.07 0.00 2.26 0.05 Troph of juv./adults from 1 study.
Ref. Rojas de Mendiola, B., 1966
From individual food items 2.82 0.34 Trophic level estimated from a number of food items using a randomized resampling routine.
(e.g. 346)
(e.g. cnidaria)
Entered by Binohlan, Crispina B. on 10.19.90
Modified by Sa-a, Pascualita on 05.10.01
Checked by Miranda, Lilibeth on 05.10.01
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