Brachysomophis umbonis McCosker & Randall, 2001
Turret snake eel
Brachysomophis umbonis
photo by McCosker & Randall, 2001

Family:  Ophichthidae (Snake eels), subfamily: Ophichthinae
Max. size:  13.9 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  demersal; depth range 14 - 18 m
Distribution:  Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia and the Philippines.
Diagnosis:  Vertebrae: 103-104. Stout with tail 50-51% and head 15.5% of TL; dorsal-fin origin well behind pectoral tips; pectoral fins minute, slightly broader than long; snout short, about 3.2-4.0 in jaw; center of eye in anterior third of upper jaw; cirri of maxillary labia minute, those of lower jaw few, short and stout; interorbital space and top of head flat, dorsal head profile incised and medially constricted behind eyes; a lateral-projecting rounded protuberance about equal to orbit situated behind and beneath orbit; head pores distinct; teeth conical; preserved specimens yellowish, pale ventrally in head and trunk region, overlain behind nape with dense, fine brown speckling and an orange U-shaped band from gill opening to midhead and meeting across dorsal surface; (Ref. 42180).
Biology:  Captured over sandy substrate and reef (Ref. 42180). Inhabits sand flats with patch reefs (Ref 90102).
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (N.E.) Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   
 

Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 26.06.02
Modified by: Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei - 13.02.13

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