Epinephelus undulatostriatus (Peters, 1866)
Maori rockcod
photo by Banks, I.

Family:  Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets), subfamily: Epinephelinae
Max. size:  61 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 5,500.0 g
Environment:  reef-associated; depth range 27 - 80 m
Distribution:  Western Pacific: endemic to Australia, from southern Queensland (One Tree Islands, Great Barrier Reef at 23°30'S) to Bateman's Bay (35°44'S), New South Wales. One specimen was reported from Kangaroo Islands, South Australia.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 11-11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-17; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 8-8. Interorbital area convex, Almost straight dorsal profile; preopercle sub angular, serrae slightly enlarged; upper edge of the operculum almost straight; nostrils subequal; maxilla reaches to or slightly beyond vertical at posterior edge of the eye. Pectoral fins fleshy; pelvic fins not reaching anus, except in small individuals. Pyloric caeca 11. Characterized further by the following: buff body, covered with close-set wavy longitudinal brownish orange, golden brown or reddish brown stripes; some stripes broken into series of small spots; pale greyish brown head, covered with small spots same as on the body; orange-brown maxillary streak; pale fin rays, with small brown spots, inter-radial membranes dark brown; narrow yellow margins on median fins; pectoral fins diffusely yellow distally (Ref. 89707).
Biology:  Inhabits coral reefs (Ref. 58652) and rocky areas. It is an active swimmer that will leave the bottom to take a floating bait.
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 22 November 2016 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 12.02.93
Modified by: Kesner-Reyes, Kathleen - 06.06.17
Checked by: Capuli, Estelita Emily - 15.04.94

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