Leucoraja fullonica (Linnaeus, 1758)
Shagreen ray
Leucoraja fullonica
photo by Cambraia Duarte, P.M.N. (c)ImagDOP

Family:  Rajidae (Skates)
Max. size:  120 cm TL (male/unsexed); 111 cm TL (female)
Environment:  bathydemersal; depth range 30 - 550 m
Distribution:  Eastern Atlantic: Murmansk in Russia, Norway, southern Iceland, the Faroes, northern North Sea and Skagerrak to northern Morocco, including western Mediterranean and the Madeira Islands.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 0-0; Anal spines: 0-0; Anal soft rays: 0-0. Snout pronounced, rather pointed; disc rhomboid, with angled outer corners upper surface entirely spinulose, underside prickly on large areas; about 8 thorns usually in a complete row around inner margin of eye, small thorns on scapular, generally a row of about 50 thorns on each side of midline from shoulder to first dorsal fin; upper surface plain ashy-grey, underside white (Ref. 3167).
Biology:  Found in relatively cold coastal waters and on upper parts of continental slopes (Ref. 3167). Most common at depths of around 200 m, but deeper in southern areas (Ref. 3167). Feed on all kinds of bottom animals, probably preferring fish (Ref. 3167). Oviparous. Distinct pairing with embrace. Young may tend to follow large objects, such as their mother (Ref. 205). Eggs are oblong capsules with stiff pointed horns at the corners deposited in sandy or muddy flats (Ref. 205). Egg capsules are 7.5-9.9 cm long and 4.5-4.7 cm wide (Ref. 41250). Maximum length for female is 111 cm (Ref. 41333).
IUCN Red List Status: Vulnerable (VU); Date assessed: 26 November 2014 (A2bd) Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:   

Entered by: Agustin, Liza Q. - 15.03.93
Modified by: BĂ©arez, Philippe - 12.02.02
Checked by: Agustin, Liza Q. - 06.04.94

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