Myliobatis californica Gill, 1865
Bat eagle ray
photo by Gotshall, D.W.

Family:  Myliobatidae (Eagle and manta rays), subfamily: Myliobatinae
Max. size:  180 cm WD (male/unsexed); max.weight: 82 kg
Environment:  demersal; depth range 0 - 108 m
Distribution:  Eastern Pacific: Oregon, USA to Gulf of California (Ref. 2850) and the Galapagos Islands (Ref. 28023).
Biology:  Commonly found in sandy and muddy bays and sloughs, also on rocky bottom and in kelp beds (Ref. 2850). Sometimes buries itself in sand (Ref. 2850). Found singly or in schools (Ref. 12951). Feeds on bivalves, snails, polychaetes, shrimps, and crabs (Ref. 9257). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Venomous spine on tail. Not fished commercially, but shows up as by-catch species (Ref. 9257).
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 13 September 2014 Ref. (120744)
Threat to humans:  venomous
Country info:   

Entered by: Froese, Rainer - 01.05.91
Modified by: Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei - 03.09.14
Checked by: Froese, Rainer - 01.06.95

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

Page created by Jen, 05.08.02, php script by kbanasihan 06/09/2010 ,  last modified by sortiz, 10/02/17