Brachysomophis porphyreus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)
紫匙鳗,  紫匙鰻
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Family:  Ophichthidae (Snake eels), subfamily: Ophichthinae
Max. size:  129.5 cm TL (male/unsexed)
Environment:  demersal; marine; depth range - 20 m
Distribution:  Northwest Pacific: Taiwan and the southern coasts of China and Japan.
Diagnosis:  Vertebrae: 137-148. This species is distinguished by the following characters: tail 52% and head 11-14% of TL; body cylindrical for most of its length; dorsal fin arising well behind pectoral-fin tips; pectoral fins moderately elongate, about 3-6 times in HL; snout moderate; about 3.0 in jaw; jaws elongate, about 2.1-3.0 in head; lower jaw extending beyond snout tip; nostrils in very short tubes in upper lip and closely associated; cirri of labial fringe minute on lips of subadults, absent in large adults; center of eye behind anterior 30% of jaw; interorbital space narrow, less than orbit width; dorsal head profile nearly flat from level of midjaw to snout tip; nape and cheeks swollen, narrowing anteriorly from level of midjaw; cephalic pores inconspicuous; free sensory neuromasts not visible on nape; teeth conical; purplish brown when alive; lateral-line and cephalic pores (except mandibular) surrounded by fine dark punctations.
Biology:  Observed nearly fully buried within a muddy bottom at a depth of 20 m (Ref. 42180).
IUCN Red List Status: Not Evaluated (N.E.) Ref. (124695)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:  Collected from Fuzou in Fujian Province (Ref. 42180).

Entered by: Garilao, Cristina V. - 30.04.96
Modified by: Torres, Armi G. - 27.01.14

Source and more info: For personal, classroom, and other internal use only. Not for publication.

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