References Used for Cynoscion regalis
n = 77
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Reference no. Description Year Named Used Page
56225 Crozier, W.J. and S. Hecht, 1913. Correlations of weight, length, and other body measurements in the weakfish, Cynoscion regalis. Bulletin, Bureau of Fisheries, Washington, Vol. XXXIII:139-147. 1913 Cynoscion regalis 141
13501 Welsh, W.W. and C.M. Breder Jr., 1923. Contributions to life histories of Sciaenidae of the Eastern United States Coast. Bull. U.S. Bur. Fish., 39:141-201. 1923 Cynoscion regalis 150-164
1183 Welsh, W. and G. Breder, 1924. Contribution to the life history of Sciaenidae of the U.S. East Coast. Fish. Bull. 39(945):141-201. 1924 Cynoscion regalis -->
38947 Hildebrand, S.F. and W.C. Schroeder, 1928. Fishes of Chesapeake Bay. U.S. Bur. Fish. Bull. 43(pt. 1):366 p. 1928 Cynoscion regalis 300-301
40811 Pearson, J.C., 1941. The young of some marine fishes taken in lower Chesapeake Bay, Virginia, with special reference to the gray sea trout (Cynoscion regalis) (Bloch). Fish. Bull. U.S. Fish Wildl. Serv. 50(36):79-102. 1941 Cynoscion regalis 92-97
2308 Gray, I.E., 1954. Comparative study of the gill area of marine fishes. Biol. Bull. Mar. Biol. Lab. Woods Hole 107:219-225. 1954 Cynoscion regalis -->
54461 Harmic, J.L., 1958. Some aspects of the development and ecology of the pelagic phase of the gray squeteague, Cynoscion regalis (Bloch and Schneider), in the Delaware estuary. University of Delaware, Newark. 84 p. P.h.D. dissertation. 1958 Cynoscion regalis -->
273 Nigrelli, R.F., 1959. Longevity of fishes in captivity, with special reference to those kept in the New York Aquarium. p. 212-230. In G.E.W. Wolstehnolmen and M. O'Connor (eds.) Ciba Foundation Colloquium on Ageing: the life span of animals. Vol. 5., Churchill, London. 1959 Cynoscion regalis -->
205 Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen, 1966. Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. 1966 Cynoscion regalis -->
2302 Hughes, G.M. and M. Morgan, 1973. The structure of fish gills in relation to their respiratory function. Biol. Revs. 48(3):419-475. 1973 Cynoscion regalis -->
39467 Scotton, L.N., R.E. Smith, N.S. Smith, K.S. Price and D.P. de Sylva, 1973. Pictorial guide to fish larvae of Delaware Bay: with information and bibliographies useful for the study of fish larvae. Delaware Bay Report Series. Vol. 7. College of Marine Studies, University of Delaware. 205 p. 1973 Cynoscion regalis 78-81
48321 Ricker, W.E., 1973. Russian-English dictionary for students of fisheries and aquatic biology. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Ottawa. 1973 Cynoscion regalis 164
13503 Merriner, J.V., 1975. Food habits of the weakfish, Cynoscion regalis, in North Carolina waters. Chesapeake Sci., 16:74-76. 1975 Cynoscion regalis 74-76
54406 Merriner, J.V., 1976. Aspects of the reproductive biology of the weakfish, Cynoscion regalis (Sciaenidae), in North Carolina. Fish. Bull. 74(1):18-26. 1976 Cynoscion regalis 21-23
3702 Chao, L.N., 1978. Sciaenidae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. West Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). Volume 4. FAO, Rome. 1978 Cynoscion regalis -->
4649 Johnson, G.D., 1978. Development of fishes of the Mid-Atlantic Bight. An atlas of egg, larval and juvenile stages. Vol. 4. Carangidae through Ephippidae. US Fish Wildl. Serv. Biol. Serv. Prog. FWS/OBS-78/12. 1978 Cynoscion regalis -->
105472 Pihu, E., 1979. Loomade elu 4. köide. Kalad Pihu, E. 1979. Loomade Elu, 4. Köide, Kalad. Valgus, Tallinn. 1979 Cynoscion regalis -->
276 Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1980. A list of common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (12)1-174. 1980 Cynoscion regalis 46
7145 Pereira, R., 1982. Peixes de nossa terra. Livraria Nobel, Sao Paulo, Brazil. 129 p. 1982 Cynoscion regalis 116
6087 Shepherd, G. and C.B. Grimes, 1983. Geographic and historic variations in growth of weakfish, Cynoscion regalis, in the Middle Atlantic Bight. Fish. Bull. 81(4):803-813. 1983 Cynoscion regalis -->
35205 Zaneveld, J.S., 1983. Caribbean Fish Life. Index to the local and scientific names of the marine fishes and fishlike invertebrates of the Caribbean area (Tropical Western Central Atlantic Ocean). E.J. Brill / Dr. W. Backhuys, Leiden, 163p. 1983 Cynoscion regalis 71
7251 Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. 1986 Cynoscion regalis 189
12324 Hardisty, M.W., 1986. Petromyzon marinus (Linnaeus 1758). p. 94-116. In J. Holcík (ed.) The Freshwater fishes of Europe. Vol. 1, Part 1. Petromyzontiformes. 1986 Cynoscion regalis 106
27363 Nakamura, I., T. Inada, M. Takeda and H. Hatanaka, 1986. Important fishes trawled off Patagonia. Japan Marine Fishery Resource Research Center, Tokyo. 369 p. 1986 Cynoscion regalis 225
5951 Scott, W.B. and M.G. Scott, 1988. Atlantic fishes of Canada. Can. Bull. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 219:731 p. 1988 Cynoscion regalis 391
26388 Sanches, J.G., 1989. Nomenclatura Portuguesa de organismos aquáticos (proposta para normalização estatística). Publ. Avuls. Inst. Nac. Invest. Pescas 14:322 p. 1989 Cynoscion regalis 51
54407 Mercer, L.P., 1989. Species profiles: life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (Mid-Atlantic) - weakfish. U.S. Fish Fish Wildl. Serv. Biol. Rep. 82(11.109). U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, TR EL-82-4. 17 p. 1989 Cynoscion regalis 4
3383 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 1990. Multilingual dictionary of fish and fish products. Fishing News Books, Oxford. 1990 Cynoscion regalis -->
27116 McAllister, D.E., 1990. A working list of fishes of the world. Copies available from D.E. McAllister, Canadian Museum of Nature, P.O. Box 3443, Ottawa, Ontario K1P 6P4, Canada. 2661 p. plus 1270 p. Index. 1990 Cynoscion regalis 1832
3814 Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (20):183 p. 1991 Cynoscion regalis 54
4517 Hureau, J.-C., 1991. La base de données GICIM : Gestion informatisée des collections ichthyologiques du Muséum. p. 225-227. In Atlas Préliminaire des Poissons d'Eau Douce de France. Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche, Ministère de l'Environnement, CEMAGREF et Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris. 1991 Cynoscion regalis -->
4699 International Game Fish Association, 1991. World record game fishes. International Game Fish Association, Florida, USA. 1991 Cynoscion regalis -->
6313 Grabda, E. and T. Heese, 1991. Polskie nazewnictwo popularne kraglouste i ryby. Cyclostomata et Pisces. Wyzsza Szkola Inzynierska w Koszalinie. Koszalin, Poland. 171 p. (in Polish). 1991 Cynoscion regalis 83
32543 Goshorn, D.M. and C.E. Epifanio, 1991. Diet of larval weakfish and prey abundance in Delaware Bay. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 120(6):684-692. 1991 Cynoscion regalis 684-692
4931 FAO, 1992. FAO yearbook. Fishery statistics: catches and landings. Vol. 70: 1990. FAO Fish. Ser. 38:647 p. 1992 Cynoscion regalis -->
7439 Carpenter, K., 1994. List of FAO names in the yearbook found inconsistent with FIRM's Species Identification and Data Programme publications and other primary sources. pers. comm. FIDI-FIRM List, FAO, Rome. 1994 Cynoscion regalis 11
8984 FAO, 1994. FAO Yearbook. Fishery statistics: catches and landings. Vol. 74: 1992. FAO Fish. Ser. 43:677 p. 1994 Cynoscion regalis -->
9988 Frimodt, C., 1995. Multilingual illustrated guide to the world's commercial coldwater fish. Fishing News Books, Osney Mead, Oxford, England. 215 p. 1995 Cynoscion regalis 190
12204 Coad, B.W., 1995. Encyclopedia of Canadian fishes. Canadian Museum of Nature and Canadian Sportfishing Productions Inc. Singapore. 1995 Cynoscion regalis -->
26980 Hartman, K.J. and S.B. Brandt, 1995. Trophic resource partitioning, diets, and growth of sympatric estuarine predators. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 124(4):520-537. 1995 Cynoscion regalis 522
32275 Lowerre-Barbieri, S.K., M.E. Chittendenand Jr. and L.R. Barbieri, 1995. Age and growth of weakfish, Cynoscion regalis, in the Chesapeake Bay region with a discussion of historical changes in maximum size. Fish. Bull. 93:643-656. 1995 Cynoscion regalis 646
32578 Lowerre-Barbieri, S.K., M.E. Chittendenand Jr. and L.R. Barbieri, 1996. Variable spawning activity and annual fecundity of weakfish in Chesapeake Bay. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 125(4):532-545. 1996 Cynoscion regalis -->
12965 Eschmeyer, W.N., 1997. PISCES. Eschmeyer's PISCES database as published on the Internet in June 1997, URL: gopher:// 1997 Cynoscion regalis -->
26938 Smith, C.L., 1997. National Audubon Society field guide to tropical marine fishes of the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, Florida, the Bahamas, and Bermuda. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York. 720 p. 1997 Cynoscion regalis 534
27784 Macchi, G.J., 1998. Preliminary estimate of spawning frequency and batch fecundity of striped weakfish, Cynoscion striatus, in coastal waters off Buenos Aires province. Fish. Bull. 96(2):375-381. 1998 Cynoscion regalis 380
31517 Wu, H.L., K.-T. Shao and C.F. Lai (eds.), 1999. Latin-Chinese dictionary of fishes names. The Sueichan Press, Taiwan. 1028 p. 1999 Cynoscion regalis -->
31982 Anonymous, 1999. Fish collection database of the Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). Natural History Museum, London (formerly British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)). 1999 Cynoscion regalis -->
35884 Buckel, J.A., M.J. Fogarty and D.O. Conover, 1999. Foraging habits of bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix, on the U.S. east coast continental shelf. Fish. Bull. 97:758-775. 1999 Cynoscion regalis 762
48851 Lannan, C.N., J.L. Batholomew and J.L. Fryer, 1999. Chlamydial infections of fish: Epitheliocystis. p.255-267. In P.T.K. Woo and D.W. Bruno (eds.) Fish Diseases and Disorders Vol. 3: Viral, bacterial and fungal infections. CABI Int'l. 1999 Cynoscion regalis 260
34634 Anonymous, 2000. Fish collection database of the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory (GCRL). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory (GCRL), Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA. 2000 Cynoscion regalis -->
35508 Anonymous, 2000. The icthyological collection of the Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). Division of Ichthyology and Herpetology, Zoological Museum Hamburg (ZMH). 2000 Cynoscion regalis -->
36670 Anonymous, 2000. Fish collection database of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. 2000 Cynoscion regalis -->
37512 Bowman, R.E., C.E. Stillwell, W.L. Michaels and M.D. Grosslein, 2000. Food of northwest Atlantic fishes and two common species of squid. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-NE 155, 138 p. 2000 Cynoscion regalis -->
38732 Anonymous, 2001. Fish collection database of the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian Institution). Smithsonian Institution-Division of Fishes. 2001 Cynoscion regalis -->
40637 IGFA, 2001. Database of IGFA angling records until 2001. IGFA, Fort Lauderdale, USA. 2001 Cynoscion regalis -->
41414 Anonymous, 2002. Fish collection database of the American Museum of Natural History. American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West , NY 10024-5192, USA. 2002 Cynoscion regalis -->
86779 Collette, B.B. and G. Klein-MacPhee (eds.), 2002. Bigelow and Schroeder’s fishes of the Gulf of Maine, third ed. Caldwell, N.J. : Blackburn Press, 577 p.: ill.; 27 cm. 2002 Cynoscion regalis 436
47438 Anonymous, 2003. Fish collection of the Royal Ontario Museum. Royal Ontario Museum. 2003 Cynoscion regalis -->
50291 Wilber, D.H., D.G. Clarke, M.H. Burlas, H. Ruben and R.J. Will, 2003. Spatial and temporal variability in surf zone fish assemblages on the coast of northern New Jersey. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 56(2):291-304. 2003 Cynoscion regalis 296
51471 Carl, H., 2003. Danish fish names. Zoological Museum of Copenhagen. Unpublished. 2003 Cynoscion regalis -->
51721 Chao, N.L., 2003. Scianidae. Croakers. p. 1583-1653. In K.E. Carpenter (ed.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Vol. 3: Bony fishes part 2 (Opistognathidae to Molidae), sea turtles and marine mammals. 2003 Cynoscion regalis -->
58108 Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, 2003. Chinese aquatic germplasm resources database. 2003 Cynoscion regalis -->
51243 Riede, K., 2004. Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Germany. 329 p. 2004 Cynoscion regalis -->
52299 Nelson, J.S., E.J. Crossman, H. Espinosa-Pérez, L.T. Findley, C.R. Gilbert, R.N. Lea and J.D. Williams, 2004. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 29, Bethesda, Maryland. ix, 386 p. + 1 CD. 2004 Cynoscion regalis 147
54471 Anonymous, 2005. Weakfish. (downloaded June 2005). 2005 Cynoscion regalis 3
78464 McEachran, J.D. and J.D. Fechhelm, 2005. Fishes of the Gulf of Mexico. Vol. 2. Austin : University of Texas Press. viii+1004p. 2005 Cynoscion regalis 423
56864 Ocean Biogeographic Information System, 2006. Cynoscion regalis Data Extent Map (from OBIS Australia/ C Square Mapper). (data sourced from FishBase DiGIR Provider-Philippine Server, Electronic Atlas of Ichthyoplankton on the Scotian Shelf of North America (OBIS Canada), Bay of Fundy Species List (OBIS Canada), Canadian Museum of Nature-Fish Collection (OBIS Canada), AfrOBIS (afrOBIS), NODC WOD01 Plankton Database, Atlantic Reference Centre (OBIS Canada), UW Fish specimens). Retrieved May 30, 2006 at 2006 Cynoscion regalis -->
75549 FAO-FIES, 2008. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, 29 April 2008. 2008 Cynoscion regalis -->
83882 FAO-FIES, 2010. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2010. 2010 Cynoscion regalis -->
90062 FAO-FIES, 2012. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, March 2012. 2012 Cynoscion regalis -->
93252 Murdy, E.O. and J.A. Musick, 2013. Field guide to fishes of the Chesapeake Bay. JHU Press, 360 p. 2013 Cynoscion regalis 196-197;Drawing
107945 Cheung, W.L., R. Watson and D. Pauly, 2013. Signature of ocean warming in global fisheries catch. Nature 497:365-368. 2013 Cynoscion regalis -->
95632 FAO-FIES, 2014. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, April 2014. 2014 Cynoscion regalis -->
121185 Dronen, N.O., Blend, C.K., Ostrowski de Núñez, M.C., Malhotra, S.K. and Jaiswal, N., 2014. Keys to the species of Neolebouria Gibson, 1976 (Digenea: Opecoelidae: Plagioporinae), with a redescription of Neolebouria truncata (Linton, 1940). Systematic Parasitology 88(3):213-225. 2014 Cynoscion regalis fig. 1 p. 215
101110 FAO-FIES, 2015. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from, [accessed 13/04/2015]. 2015 Cynoscion regalis -->
115257 FAO-FIES, 2017. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list. Retrieved from (accessed 08/06/2017). 2017 Cynoscion regalis -->
117374 Bañon, R., A. Arias, D. Arana and J.A. Cuesta, 2017. Identification of a non-native Cynoscion species (Perciformes: Sciaenidae) from the Gulf of Cádiz (southwestern Spain) and data on its current status Scientia Marina 81(1): 19-26. doi: 2017 Cynoscion regalis 19-26
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