Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Bothidae
Etymology: Lophonectes: Greek, lophos = crest + Greek, nekton = swimm (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 26 - 240 m (Ref. 9563). Temperate
Western Pacific: eastern Australia (ranging south to South Australia and Tasmania, Ref. 9563) and New Zealand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm Tl male/unsexed; (Ref. 9824)
(total): 0. Males with bony tubercles on snout and tip of lower jaw. Head tubercles weakly developed or absent in females. Anterior dorsal-fin rays greatly elongate in males (Ref 42535).
Usually found on sandy bottoms (Ref. 9824). Feeds on benthic animals (Ref. 9824).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
May, J.L. and J.G.H. Maxwell, 1986. Trawl fish from temperate waters of Australia. CSIRO Division of Fisheries Research, Tasmania. 492 p. (Ref. 9563)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13.4 - 23.3, mean 15.9 (based on 169 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00452 - 0.02424), b=3.00 (2.81 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .