Family Malacanthidae - Tilefishes
  Order
:
Malacanthidae Malacanthidae
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 5 | Species : 45 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
some
  First Fossil Record
:
      Miocene
Ref..   Arambourg, C. 1927
  Remark
:
Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific. Depth range 10-500 m (usually 50-200 m). One species (Malacanthus latovittatus) may be found in both marine and brackish water (Goldie River, New Guinea).(Ref. 8991). One relatively long dorsal fin; total dorsal fin rays 22-64. Relatively long anal fin; 1 or 2 weak spines; soft rays 14-56. Top of head with or without cutaneous ridge. Operculum with one blunt or sharp spine. Branchiostegal rays 6. Truncate, double emarginate, emarginate to forked caudal fin. Vertebrae 24, 25, or 27 (precaudal 10 or 11). Larvae with elaborate spines (elongated and serrate) on the head and scale (Ref. 8991). All species live in a burrow, some in a large rubble mound of their own construction, in pairs or colonies. They feed on benthic invertebrates or zoopankton. Assumed to be nonguarders (RF). Most aquarium specimens are collected with poison and soon die. According to Dooley 1978 (Ref. 8991), the tilefishes are comprised of two morphologically different and evolutionary distinct groups and are distinct enough to be separate families [Branchiostegidae: with genera Branchiostegus, Lopholatilus, Caulolatilus and Malacanthidae: with genera Hoplolatilus and Malacanthus].
  Etymology
:
Greek, mala = a lot of + Greek, akantha = thorn ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
normal
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Acanthopterygii | Percomorphaceae | Eupercaria | | | incertae | | | Malacanthidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Malacanthidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination
Malacanthinae
Malacanthus plumieri (Bloch, 1786)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Malacanthus trachinus Valenciennes, 1841
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Malacanthus latovittatus (Lacepède, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Labrus latovittatus Lacepède, 1801
synonymseniororiginal
Oceanops latovittatus (Lacepède, 1801)
synonymseniornew
Taenianotus latovittatus (Lacepède, 1802)
ambiguousothernew
Malacanthus taeniatus Valenciennes, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Malacanthus brevirostris Guichenot, 1848
acceptedseniororiginal
Malacanthus hoedtii Bleeker, 1859
synonymjuniororiginal
! Malacanthus hoedti Bleeker, 1859
synonymjuniororiginal
Malacanthus parvipinnis Vaillant & Sauvage, 1875
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
Latilus fronticinctus Günther, 1887
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
Hoplolatilus oreni (Clark & Ben-Tuvia, 1973)
acceptedseniornew
Asymmetrurus oreni Clark & Ben-Tuvia, 1973
synonymseniororiginal
Hoplolatilus cuniculus Randall & Dooley, 1974
acceptedseniororiginal
Hoplolatilus starcki Randall & Dooley, 1974
acceptedseniororiginal
Hoplolatilus chlupatyi Klausewitz, McCosker, Randall & Zetzsche, 1978
acceptedseniororiginal
Hoplolatilus marcosi Burgess, 1978
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Hoplolatilus geo Fricke & Kacher, 1982
acceptedseniororiginal
Hoplolatilus luteus Allen & Kuiter, 1989
acceptedseniororiginal
Hoplolatilus fourmanoiri (non Smith, 1964)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Hoplolatilus pohle Earle & Pyle, 1997
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Hoplolatilus randalli Allen, Erdmann & Hamilton, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal
Latilinae
Branchiostegus japonicus (Houttuyn, 1782)
acceptedseniornew
Coryphaena japonica Houttuyn, 1782
synonymseniororiginal
Latilus japonicus (Houttuyn, 1782)
synonymseniornew
! Brachiostegus japonicus (Houttuyn, 1782)
synonymseniornew
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Coryphaenoides hottuynii Lacepède, 1801
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
! Coryphaenoides houttuynii Lacepède, 1801
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Latilus ruber Kishinouye, 1907
synonymjuniororiginal
Branchiostegus argentatus (non Cuvier, 1830)
misappliedmisappliednew
acceptedseniornew
Latilus argentatus Cuvier, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Coryphaena sinensis Lacepède, 1801
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Latilus tollardi Chabanaud, 1924
synonymjuniororiginal
Branchiostegus tollardi (Chabanaud, 1924)
synonymjuniornew
! Branchiostegus tollarai (Chabanaud, 1924)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
Branchiostegus japonicus (non Houttuyn, 1782)
misappliedmisappliednew
Branchiostegus auratus (non Kishinouye, 1907)
misappliedmisappliednew
acceptedseniornew
Latilus doliatus Cuvier, 1830
synonymseniororiginal
Latilus argentatus (non Cuvier, 1830)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Branchiostegus auratus (Kishinouye, 1907)
acceptedseniornew
Latilus auratus Kishinouye, 1907
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Branchiostegus wardi Whitley, 1932
acceptedseniororiginal
Branchiostegus sawakinensis Amirthalingam, 1969
acceptedseniororiginal
Branchiotegus japonicus (non Houttuyn, 1782)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Branchiostegus serratus Dooley & Paxton, 1975
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Branchiostegus japonicus (non Houttuyn, 1782)
misappliedmisappliednew
Branchiostegus argentatus (non Cuvier, 1830)
misappliedmisappliednew
Branchiostegus australiensis Dooley & Kailola, 1988
acceptedseniororiginal
Branchiostegus sp. 1 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Branchiostegus gloerfelti Dooley & Kailola, 1988
acceptedseniororiginal
Branchiostegus sp. 2 Not applicable
synonymotherother
Branchiostegus doliatus (non Cuvier, 1830)
misappliedmisappliednew
Branchiostegus hedlandensis Dooley & Kailola, 1988
acceptedseniororiginal
Branchiostegus paxtoni Dooley & Kailola, 1988
acceptedseniororiginal
Branchiostegus saitoi Dooley & Iwatsuki, 2012
acceptedseniororiginal
Caulolatilus chrysops (Valenciennes, 1833)
acceptedseniornew
Latilus chrysops Valenciennes, 1833
synonymseniororiginal
Caulolatilus princeps (Jenyns, 1840)
acceptedseniornew
Latilus princeps Jenyns, 1840
synonymseniororiginal
Dekaya anomala Cooper, 1863
synonymjuniororiginal
Caulolatilus affinis Hildebrand, 1946
ambiguousotheroriginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Caulolatilus cabezon Evermann & Radcliffe, 1917
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Caulolatilus microps Goode & Bean, 1878
acceptedseniororiginal
Caulolatilus intermedius Howell Rivero, 1936
acceptedseniororiginal
Caulolatilus guppyi Beebe & Tee-Van, 1937
acceptedseniororiginal
Caulolatilus williamsi Dooley & Berry, 1977
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Caulolatilus hubbsi Dooley, 1978
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Lopholatilus villarii Miranda Ribeiro, 1915
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
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