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Orcynopsis unicolor (Geoffroy, 1817)

Plain bonito
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Orcynopsis unicolor   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Orcynopsis unicolor (Plain bonito)
Orcynopsis unicolor
Picture by Meyer, T.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Orcynopsis: Greek, orkynos, -ou = a kind of tunna + Greek, opsis = similar to (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien; brakwater; oceanodroom (Ref. 51243).   Subtropical; 60°N - 13°S, 18°W - 36°E

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Oslo, Norway south to Dakar, Senegal but the range is centered in the southern Mediterranean Sea. Not known from Madeira, the Canary Islands or Cape Verde.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?, range 70 - 80 cm
Max length : 130 cm FL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 168); common length : 90.0 cm FL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 168); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 13.1 kg (Ref. 168)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 12 - 14; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 12-15; Anale zachte stralen: 14 - 16. Mouth rather large, upper jaw reaching to hind margin of eye. Laminae of olfactory rosette 25 to 28. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Body naked behind the well developed corselet. Swim bladder absent. Vertebrae 17 or 18 precaudal plus 19 to 21 caudal, total 37 to 39. Anterior three quarters of first dorsal fin black.

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Adults are neritic, confined primarily to temperate waters, but juveniles may be encountered in waters of up to 30°C. Form small schools at the surface so that the first dorsal fin stands out of the water like that of sharks, also frequently associated with birds. Feed on small fishes, especially sardines, anchovies, jacks, mackerel, bogue and others. Eggs and larvae are pelagic (Ref. 6769). Marketed canned or frozen.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

A female weighing 5 or 6 kg may carry some 500 to 600,000 eggs which are spawned in portions.

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Collette, Bruce B. | Medewerkers

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 15 September 2010

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Internet-bronnen

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Bekijk FishWatcher gegevens | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genoom, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Nationale databanken | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(ga naar, zoek) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 12.5 - 23.5, mean 16.3 (based on 264 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00420 - 0.01982), b=3.04 (2.86 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.80 se; Based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 69278):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (Assuming tm<=4).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (61 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Medium.