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Orcynopsis unicolor (GeoffroySaint-Hilaire, 1817)

Plain bonito
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Orcynopsis unicolor   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Orcynopsis unicolor (Plain bonito)
Orcynopsis unicolor
Picture by Meyer, T.

分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

条鰭類 > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Orcynopsis: Greek, orkynos, -ou = a kind of tunna + Greek, opsis = similar to (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海; 汽水性の; 海洋回遊性 (Ref. 51243).   Subtropical; 60°N - 13°S, 18°W - 36°E

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Oslo, Norway south to Dakar, Senegal but the range is centered in the southern Mediterranean Sea. Not known from Madeira, the Canary Islands or Cape Verde.

Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?, range 70 - 80 cm
Max length : 130 cm FL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 168); common length : 90.0 cm FL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 168); 最大公表体重: 13.1 kg (Ref. 168)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 12 - 14; 背鰭 (合計): 12-15; 臀鰭: 14 - 16. Mouth rather large, upper jaw reaching to hind margin of eye. Laminae of olfactory rosette 25 to 28. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Body naked behind the well developed corselet. Swim bladder absent. Vertebrae 17 or 18 precaudal plus 19 to 21 caudal, total 37 to 39. Anterior three quarters of first dorsal fin black.

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Adults are neritic, confined primarily to temperate waters, but juveniles may be encountered in waters of up to 30°C. Form small schools at the surface so that the first dorsal fin stands out of the water like that of sharks, also frequently associated with birds. Feed on small fishes, especially sardines, anchovies, jacks, mackerel, bogue and others. Eggs and larvae are pelagic (Ref. 6769). Marketed canned or frozen.

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

A female weighing 5 or 6 kg may carry some 500 to 600,000 eggs which are spawned in portions.

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター : Collette, Bruce B. | 協力者

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 120744)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 15 September 2010

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

水産業: 少数商業の; ゲームフィッシュ: はい
FAO(水産業: 代謝; publication : search) | FishSource | 私達の周りの海

より多くの情報

共通名の
類義語
代謝
捕食動物
生態毒性
繁殖
成熟
放精
卵の集合体
生産力

卵の開発
Age/Size
成長
体長-重さ
Length-length
体長組成
形態計測学
形態学
幼生
幼生の動力
補充
豊度
参考文献
水産養殖
水産養殖の紹介
緊張
遺伝子の
対立遺伝子頻度
遺伝
病気
行列
Mass conversion
協力者
画像
Stamps, Coins Misc.

シガテラ(食中毒の名前)
速度
泳ぐ 型式
カマ
Otoliths

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インターネットの情報源

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 12.5 - 23.5, mean 16.3 (based on 264 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00429 - 0.02028), b=3.04 (2.86 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.80 se; Based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  手段, 1.4年~4.4年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Assuming tm<=4).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (61 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.