Scomberomorus cavalla, King mackerel : fisheries, gamefish
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Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier, 1829)

King mackerel
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Scomberomorus cavalla   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Scomberomorus cavalla (King mackerel)
Scomberomorus cavalla
Picture by NOAA\NMFS\Mississippi Laboratory

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Scomberomorus: Latin, scomber = mackerel + Greek, moros = silly, stupid (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Cuvier.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; laut berasosiasi dengan karang; oceanodromus (Ref. 51243); kisaran kedalaman 5 - 140 m (Ref. 36484), usually 5 - 15 m (Ref. 40849).   Tropical; 44°N - 22°S, 98°W - 34°W (Ref. 54879)

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951) to Massachusetts, USA to São Paulo, Brazil. Eastern Central Atlantic: St. Paul's Rocks (Ref. 13121).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm 63.3, range 45 - 114 cm
Max length : 184 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 9710); common length : 70.0 cm FL jantan/; (Ref. 168); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 45.0 kg (Ref. 168); Umur maksimum dilaporkan: 14 Tahun (Ref. 4949)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 12 - 18; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 15-18; Duri dubur 0; Sirip dubur lunak: 16 - 20; vertebrata, bertulang belakang: 41 - 43. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Swim bladder absent. Lateral line abruptly curving downward below second dorsal fin. Intestine with 2 folds and 3 limbs. Adults have no black area on the anterior part of the first dorsal fin. Juveniles with bronze spots in 5 or 6 irregular rows. Body entirely covered with scales.

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Often found in outer reef areas. Larvae are encountered in surface waters of 26.3° to 31°C and 26.9 to 35 ppt. Feeds primarily on fishes with smaller quantities of penaeid shrimps and squids. Large schools have been found to migrate over considerable distances along the Atlantic US coast, water temperature permitting. It is an important species for recreational, commercial, and artisanal fisheries throughout its range. Most of the catch is processed into steaks or sold fresh, or sometimes canned and salted. Also prepared smoked and frozen (Ref. 9987). Potentially ciguatoxic in certain areas (Ref. 9710). Sometimes called "Kingfish" (Ref. 13442).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator : Collette, Bruce B. | mitra

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 120744)

  kurang bimbang (LC) ; Date assessed: 14 September 2010

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 9710)





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: komersial; Ikan buruan: ya
FAO(Perikanan: production, profail spesis; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

informasi lanjut

Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.5 - 28.1, mean 27.2 (based on 1034 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00731 - 0.01191), b=3.01 (2.97 - 3.05), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.4   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 6.9 (5.8 - 8.5) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 22 growth studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (K=0.07-0.15; tm=2; tmax=14; Fec=70,000).
Prior r = 0.66, 95% CL = 0.43 - 0.99, Based on 5 stock assessments.
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (58 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Medium.