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Acanthurus leucosternon Bennett, 1833

Powderblue surgeonfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Acanthurus leucosternon   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Acanthurus leucosternon (Powderblue surgeonfish)
Acanthurus leucosternon
Picture by Rusconi, G.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Acanthuridae (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) > Acanthurinae
Etymology: Acanthurus: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bennett.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina revassocierade; djupintervall 0 - 25 m (Ref. 9710), usually 0 - 25 m (Ref. 27115).   Tropical; 23°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 26°N - 30°S, 31°E - 129°E

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Indian Ocean: eastern Africa to the Andaman Sea, southwest Indonesia and Christmas Island; with range extended to Bali, Indonesia in Western Pacific (Ref. 37792).

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm 13.8  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 54.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 30573); common length : 19.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 30573)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 9; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 28-30; Taggstrålar i analfenan 3; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 23 - 26. Blue with a white chest (Ref. 3145). Head black with a broad white band from pectoral-fin base to throat. No distinct white spot or broad white band below eye. Dorsal fin yellow (except white margin and black submarginal line). Anal and pelvic fins white (Ref 9808).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Inhabits shallow, clear coastal and island coral reefs (Ref. 9710). Usually found on reef flats and along upper seaward slopes (Ref. 9710). May occur singly or in large feeding aggregations. Monogamous (Ref. 52884). Feeds on benthic algae; on small, sparsely scattered algae and small growths in crevices (Ref. 28026). Caught with nets (Ref. 30573). Marketed fresh.

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Paired spawning (Ref. 240). Monogamous mating is observed as both obligate and social (Ref. 52884).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Randall, John E. | Medarbetare

Randall, J.E., 1956. A revision of the surgeonfish genus Acanthurus. Pac. Sci. 10(2):159-235. (Ref. 1920)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 03 May 2010

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: mindre kommeriell; Akvarium: Kommersiell
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.8 - 29, mean 27.5 (based on 354 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02089 (0.01199 - 0.03640), b=2.94 (2.79 - 3.09), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.