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Trachurus picturatus (Bowdich, 1825)

Blue jack mackerel
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Trachurus picturatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Trachurus picturatus (Blue jack mackerel)
Trachurus picturatus
Female picture by Cambraia Duarte, P.M.N. (c)ImagDOP

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) 鰺科 (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Trachurus: Greek, trachys, -eia, -ys = rough + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 底中水層性; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 305 - 370 m (Ref. 56504).   亞熱帶的; 45°N - 41°S, 32°W - 17°E

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: southern Bay of Biscay to southern Morocco including Azores, Madeira , Canary Islands, Tristan de Cunha and Gough Islands. Also known from the western part of the Mediterranean Sea. Reported from Mauritania (Ref. 55783). Is also reported from the eastern part of Mediterranean by several references that may need confirmation - see the list of countries (NB).
東大西洋: 到摩洛哥南部包括亞速群島,馬得拉群島,加納利群島, Tristan de Cunha 與 Gough 島的比斯開灣南部。 也已知來自地中海的西部。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 24.7, range 24 - 49.5 cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 7097); common length : 25.0 cm FL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 3397)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults are found at depths ranging from 305 to 368 m in the eastern Ionian Sea (Ref. 56504). They can be seen up to depth of 370 m (Ref. 4233). They are confined to neritic zones of island shelves, banks and sea mounts; a schooling species (Ref. 4233). Known to migrate between the coast of Sahara and the offshore seamounts possibly reaching the Cape Verde Islands (Ref. 26139). They feed mainly on crustaceans (Ref. 4233). Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 4233).

侷限於島架,淺堆與海底山脈的淺海區了; 一個群游性種.(參考文獻 4233) 已知在撒哈拉的海岸與可能地被達到維德角島的外海海洋山脊之間移動.(參考文獻 26139) 主要吃甲殼動物。 (參考文獻 4233)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

東大西洋: 到摩洛哥南部包括亞速群島,馬得拉群島,加納利群島, Tristan de Cunha 與 Gough 島的比斯開灣南部。 也已知來自地中海的西部。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | 合作者

Smith-Vaniz, W.F., 1986. Carangidae. p. 815-844. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 2. (Ref. 4233)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 119314)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 May 2013

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 商業性
FAO(漁業: 產生; publication : search) | FishSource | 周邊海洋

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 9.6 - 14.1, mean 13.1 (based on 5 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00803 - 0.01135), b=2.96 (2.93 - 2.99), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.42 se; Based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Assuming tm=2-4).
Prior r = 0.39, 95% CL = 0.28 - 0.54, Based on 2 stock assessments.
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Low.