Myoxocephalus scorpius, Shorthorn sculpin : aquarium

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Myoxocephalus scorpius (Linnaeus, 1758)

Shorthorn sculpin
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Myoxocephalus scorpius   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Myoxocephalus scorpius (Shorthorn sculpin)
Myoxocephalus scorpius
Male picture by Østergaard, T.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Perciformes/Cottoidei (Sculpins) 鮋形目 (Sculpins) > Cottidae (Sculpins) 杜父魚科 (Sculpins)
Etymology: Myoxocephalus: Greek, myos = muscle, and also, mouse + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋; 半鹹淡水 居於水底的; 深度上下限 0 - 451 m (Ref. 58496).   極; 80°N - 40°N, 95°W - 60°E

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: south-eastern coasts of Greenland, Jan Mayen Island, Iceland to British Isles and southward to Bay of Biscay, also North Sea, Baltic Sea, Spitsbergen and southern part of Barents Sea (including White Sea). Western Atlantic: James Bay in Canada to New York, USA (Ref. 7251). Arctic Ocean.
東大西洋: 格陵蘭,央麥恩群島島的東南方海岸, 冰島到英國人使而且成為島嶼向南至比斯開灣, 也巴倫支海 (包括白海) 的北海,波羅的海,斯匹次卑爾根群島與南部. 西大西洋: 在加拿大到美國的紐約州的詹姆士海灣.(參考文獻 7251) 北極海。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 16.2, range 15 - 30 cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 9925); common length : 24.0 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 4698); 最大年齡: 18 年 (Ref. 122394)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 7 - 11; 背的軟條 (總數): 13-19; 臀棘 0; 臀鰭軟條: 9 - 15; 脊椎骨: 34 - 39. Caudal fin rounded. Greenish brown above, often with dark blotches and bright milky-white spots above pectoral fins; underside cherry red (males) or light orange (females) with white spots; fins with dark bands (Ref. 4698).
尾鰭圓的。 綠褐色的上方, 時常以黑色斑塊與在胸鰭上面的明亮乳白色的斑點; 下面櫻桃紅色的 (雄性) 或淡的橘色 (雌性) 有白色的斑點; 鰭有深色條紋。 (參考文獻 4698)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Found on rocky bottoms with sand or mud, or among seaweeds (Ref. 4698). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on fishes, large crustaceans, occasionally polychaetes and amphipods (Ref. 4698). During the spawning season, the male's underside becomes deep red with white spots.

用沙或泥棲息於岩石底部., 或在海草之中.(參考文獻 4698) 底棲的.(參考文獻 58426) 捕食魚類, 大的甲殼動物, 偶然多毛類與片腳類動物.(參考文獻 4698) 在產卵季節的時候,雄魚的下面變成深紅色的有白色的斑點。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Eggs are deposited in a clutch on the bottom and defended by the male. Larvae hatch after about 5 weeks.東大西洋: 格陵蘭,央麥恩群島島的東南方海岸, 冰島到英國人使而且成為島嶼向南至比斯開灣, 也巴倫支海 (包括白海) 的北海,波羅的海,斯匹次卑爾根群島與南部. 西大西洋: 在加拿大到美國的紐約州的詹姆士海灣.(參考文獻 7251) 北極海。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Fedorov, V.V., 1986. Cottidae. p. 1243-1260. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 3. (Ref. 4698)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 123251)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





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水族館: 公眾的水族館
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.4 - 10.3, mean 4.5 °C (based on 1225 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00732 - 0.01086), b=3.13 (3.07 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (tm=2; Fec=2,742).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 118 [21, 374] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.584 [0.204, 1.682] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.8 [14.8, 20.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.951 [0.346, 2.977] g/100g ; Selenium = 29.2 [10.6, 85.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 5.76 [1.38, 24.84] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.761 [0.317, 1.475] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.