Myoxocephalus scorpius, Shorthorn sculpin : aquarium

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Myoxocephalus scorpius (Linnaeus, 1758)

Shorthorn sculpin
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Myoxocephalus scorpius   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Myoxocephalus scorpius (Shorthorn sculpin)
Myoxocephalus scorpius
Male picture by Østergaard, T.

Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes(Género, Espécies) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Perciformes/Cottoidei (Sculpins) > Cottidae (Sculpins)
Etymology: Myoxocephalus: Greek, myos = muscle, and also, mouse + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas; estuarina demersal; intervalo de profundidade 0 - 451 m (Ref. 58496).   Polar; 80°N - 40°N, 95°W - 60°E

Distribuição Países | Áreas FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: south-eastern coasts of Greenland, Jan Mayen Island, Iceland to British Isles and southward to Bay of Biscay, also North Sea, Baltic Sea, Spitsbergen and southern part of Barents Sea (including White Sea). Western Atlantic: James Bay in Canada to New York, USA (Ref. 7251). Arctic Ocean.

Length at first maturity / Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm 16.2, range 15 - 30 cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 9925); common length : 24.0 cm SL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 4698); Idade máx. registada: 18 anos (Ref. 122394)

Descrição breve Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 7 - 11; Raios dorsais moles (total): 13-19; Espinhos anais 0; Raios anais moles: 9 - 15; Vértebras: 34 - 39. Caudal fin rounded. Greenish brown above, often with dark blotches and bright milky-white spots above pectoral fins; underside cherry red (males) or light orange (females) with white spots; fins with dark bands (Ref. 4698).

Biologia     Glossário (ex. epibenthic)

Found on rocky bottoms with sand or mud, or among seaweeds (Ref. 4698). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on fishes, large crustaceans, occasionally polychaetes and amphipods (Ref. 4698). During the spawning season, the male's underside becomes deep red with white spots.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Eggs are deposited in a clutch on the bottom and defended by the male. Larvae hatch after about 5 weeks.

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador | Colaboradores

Fedorov, V.V., 1986. Cottidae. p. 1243-1260. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 3. (Ref. 4698)

Categoria na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para o homem

  Harmless





Utilização humana

Aquário: Aquários públicos
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Mais informação

Nomes comuns
Sinónimos
Metabolismo
Predadores
Ecotoxicologia
Reprodução
Maturidade
Desova
Agregação para desova
Fecundidade
Ovos
Desenvolvimento dos ovos
Referências
Aquacultura
Perfil para aquacultura
Estirpes
Genética
Frequência dos alelos
Hereditariedade
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Processamento
Nutrients
Mass conversion
Colaboradores
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Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Velocidade
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Área branquial
Outras referências
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.4 - 10.3, mean 4.5 °C (based on 1225 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00732 - 0.01086), b=3.13 (3.07 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  Médio, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 1,4 - 4,4 anos (tm=2; Fec=2,742).
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 118 [21, 374] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.584 [0.204, 1.682] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.8 [14.8, 20.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.951 [0.346, 2.977] g/100g ; Selenium = 29.2 [10.6, 85.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 5.76 [1.38, 24.84] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.761 [0.317, 1.475] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.