Phycis blennoides, Greater forkbeard : fisheries

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Phycis blennoides (Brünnich, 1768)

Greater forkbeard
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Phycis blennoides   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Phycis blennoides (Greater forkbeard)
Phycis blennoides
Female picture by Cambraia Duarte, P.M.N. (c)ImagDOP

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Gadiformes (Cods) 鱈形目 (Cods) > Phycidae (Phycid hakes) 褐鱈科 (Phycid hakes)
Etymology: Phycis: Taken from Greek, phykon = seaweed; because of the habits of this fish that lives hidden among them (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 底中水層性; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 10 - 1200 m (Ref. 104125), usually 100 - 450 m (Ref. 1371).   溫帶; 69°N - 20°N, 29°W - 36°E

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Norway and Iceland to Cape Blanc, West Africa; also the Mediterranean.
東大西洋: 挪威與冰島到布朗角, 非洲西方部; 也地中海。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?, range 33 - ? cm
Max length : 110 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 1371); 最大體重: 3.5 kg (Ref. 40637); 最大年齡: 20 年 (Ref. 1371)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 0; 臀棘 0. Pelvic fin rays extremely elongated, reaching well beyond the origin of the anal fin. First dorsal fin with an elongate ray. Body color is brown to red-gray dorsally, becoming paler ventrally.
腹鰭鰭條非常地延長, 延伸到臀鰭起點後面。 第一背鰭有一個細長的鰭條。 體色是褐色到紅色-灰色背面, 腹側變成灰白。

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Depth range from 10-800 m (Ref. 1371) and from 300-1047 m in the eastern Ionian Sea (Ref. 56504). Found over sand and mud bottoms (Ref. 1371). Young more coastal and found on the continental shelf while adults migrate along the slope (Ref. 1371). Feed mainly on crustaceans and fishes (Ref. 1371). Commonly less than 45 cm TL (Ref. 1371). Marketed fresh, also as fillets and fishmeal (Ref. 1371).

發現在沙與泥底部上了。 (參考文獻 1371) 幼魚更海岸的而且發現於大陸棚雖然成魚移動沿著斜坡.(參考文獻 1371) 主要吃甲殼動物和魚類。 (參考文獻 1371) 通常少於 45 cm TL 。 (參考文獻 1371) 在市場上銷售生鮮地了, 也如魚排與魚粉.(參考文獻 1371)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

東大西洋: 挪威與冰島到布朗角, 非洲西方部; 也地中海。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 123251)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 商業性
FAO - 漁業: landings; Publication: search | FIRMS - Stock assessments | FishSource | 周邊海洋

更多資訊

俗名
同種異名
新陳代謝
捕食者
生態毒物學
繁殖
成熟度
產卵場
產卵群集
孕卵數

卵發育
參考文獻
養殖
養殖資訊
品種
遺傳學
基因序列
遺傳率
疾病
加工
Nutrients
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
聲音
神經毒
速度
泳型
鰓區
Otoliths
腦重體重比
眼睛色素

工具

特別的報告

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網路資源

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 5.4 - 14.6, mean 9.1 °C (based on 672 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6255   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00385 - 0.00568), b=3.13 (3.07 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.66 se; based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.21; tmax=20).
Prior r = 0.50, 95% CL = 0.33 - 0.76, Based on 2 stock assessments.
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 23.1 [11.6, 40.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.244 [0.151, 0.375] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.3 [17.1, 19.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.472 [0.256, 0.849] g/100g ; Selenium = 23.9 [13.4, 44.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 9.11 [3.03, 26.62] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.489 [0.359, 0.692] mg/100g (wet weight);