Phycis blennoides, Greater forkbeard : fisheries

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Phycis blennoides (Brünnich, 1768)

Greater forkbeard
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Phycis blennoides   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Phycis blennoides (Greater forkbeard)
Phycis blennoides
Female picture by Cambraia Duarte, P.M.N. (c)ImagDOP

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes(Genre, Espèce) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Gadiformes (Cods) > Phycidae (Phycid hakes)
Etymology: Phycis: Taken from Greek, phykon = seaweed; because of the habits of this fish that lives hidden among them (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin benthopélagique; océanodrome (Ref. 51243); profondeur 10 - 1200 m (Ref. 104125), usually 100 - 450 m (Ref. 1371).   Temperate; 69°N - 20°N, 29°W - 36°E

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Norway and Iceland to Cape Blanc, West Africa; also the Mediterranean.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?, range 33 - ? cm
Max length : 110 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 1371); poids max. publié: 3.5 kg (Ref. 40637); âge max. reporté: 20 années (Ref. 1371)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 0; Épines anales 0. Pelvic fin rays extremely elongated, reaching well beyond the origin of the anal fin. First dorsal fin with an elongate ray. Body color is brown to red-gray dorsally, becoming paler ventrally.

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Depth range from 10-800 m (Ref. 1371) and from 300-1047 m in the eastern Ionian Sea (Ref. 56504). Found over sand and mud bottoms (Ref. 1371). Young more coastal and found on the continental shelf while adults migrate along the slope (Ref. 1371). Feed mainly on crustaceans and fishes (Ref. 1371). Commonly less than 45 cm TL (Ref. 1371). Marketed fresh, also as fillets and fishmeal (Ref. 1371).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Non évalué 

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: commercial
FAO - pêcheries: landings; Publication: search | FIRMS - Stock assessments | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Plus d'informations

Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Rassemblement de ponte
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Taille/Âge
Croissance
Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
Larves
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Recrutement
Abondance
BRUVS
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
Souches
Génétique
Fréquences alléliques
Héritabilité
Pathologies
Traitement
Nutrients
Mass conversion
Collaborateurs
Images
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Vitesse
Type de nage
Surface branchiale
Otolithes
Cerveaux
Vision

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Sources Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genre, Espèce | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - pêcheries: landings; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: génôme, nucléotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Bases de données nationales | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Aquariums publics | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia: aller à, chercher | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 5.4 - 14.6, mean 9.1 °C (based on 672 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6255   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00385 - 0.00568), b=3.13 (3.07 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.66 se; based on food items.
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (K=0.21; tmax=20).
Prior r = 0.50, 95% CL = 0.33 - 0.76, Based on 2 stock assessments.
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 23.1 [11.6, 40.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.244 [0.151, 0.375] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.3 [17.1, 19.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.472 [0.256, 0.849] g/100g ; Selenium = 23.9 [13.4, 44.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 9.11 [3.03, 26.62] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.489 [0.359, 0.692] mg/100g (wet weight);