Pollachius virens, Saithe : fisheries, gamefish

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Pollachius virens (Linnaeus, 1758)

Saithe
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pollachius virens   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pollachius virens (Saithe)
Pollachius virens
Picture by Flescher, D.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Gadiformes (Cods) > Gadidae (Cods and haddocks)
Etymology: Pollachius: Scottish dialect, podlock, paddle = bumpfish (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; laut dasar (demersal); oceanodromus (Ref. 51243); kisaran kedalaman 37 - 364 m (Ref. 5951).   Temperate; 77°N - 33°N, 76°W - 35°E

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Barents Sea, Spitsbergen to Bay of Biscay, around Iceland. Western Atlantic: southwest Greenland, Hudson Strait to North Carolina, although rare at the extremes of the range. Migrations for spawning are known to occur. Also long-distance north-south migrations for Europe and the US.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm 39.1  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 130 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 1371); common length : 60.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 4645); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 32.0 kg (Ref. 7251); Umur maksimum dilaporkan: 25 Tahun (Ref. 1371)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 0; Duri dubur 0. Chin barbel small. Lateral line smooth along its entire length. Body color is brownish-green dorsally, becoming only slightly paler ventrally. The lateral line pale.

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

An active, gregarious fish occurring inshore and offshore waters. Usually enters coastal waters in spring and returns to deeper waters in winter (Ref. 9988). Smaller fish in inshore waters feed on small crustaceans (copepods, amphipods, euphausiids) and small fish, while larger fish prey predominantly upon fishes. Spawn in batches (Ref. 51846). Utilized fresh, dried or salted, smoked, canned and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

Oviparous, sexes are separate (Ref. 205).

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator | mitra

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Harmless





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: bernilai komersial tinggi; Ikan buruan: ya
FAO(Perikanan: production, profail spesis; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.5 - 10.2, mean 7 (based on 292 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00578 - 0.00755), b=3.06 (3.02 - 3.10), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 7.3 (5.6 - 11.0) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 12 growth studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (rm=0.55-0.87; K=0.07-0.17; tm=2-10; tmax=25; Fec=220,000).
Prior r = 0.50, 95% CL = 0.33 - 0.76, Based on 17 stock assessments.
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (59 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Low.