Scomberomorus sierra, Pacific sierra : fisheries, gamefish

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Scomberomorus sierra Jordan & Starks, 1895

Pacific sierra
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Scomberomorus sierra   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Scomberomorus sierra (Pacific sierra)
Scomberomorus sierra
Picture by Reddish, P.E.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Scomberomorus: Latin, scomber = mackerel + Greek, moros = silly, stupid (Ref. 45335).  More on authors: Jordan & Starks.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien; oceanodroom (Ref. 51243); diepteverspreiding 10 - 60 m (Ref. 91172).   Tropical; 33°N - 27°S, 121°W - 70°W (Ref. 168)

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Eastern Central Pacific: La Jolla in southern California, USA to the Galapagos Islands and Paita, Peru. Recently reported from Antofagasta, Chile. Many authors have erroneously considered this species to be a synonym of Scomberomorus maculatus, or a subspecies of it.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?, range 26 - 32 cm
Max length : 99.0 cm FL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 40637); common length : 60.0 cm FL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 168); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 8.2 kg (Ref. 4699)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 15 - 18; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 16-19; Anale zachte stralen: 16 - 21; Wervels: 46 - 49. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Body covered with small scales. Lateral line gradually curving down toward caudal peduncle. Intestine with 2 folds and 3 limbs. Swim bladder absent. Pelvic fins relatively long. Sides silvery with numerous round brownish (orange in life) spots, three rows above lateral line, one above. The first dorsal fin is black distally and white at the base. The second dorsal fin is tinged with yellowish and with black margin. The anal fin is white.

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

A schooling species believed to spawn close to the coast over most of its range. Adults occur near the surface of coastal waters to over bottom of the continental shelf (Ref. 11035). Adults feed on small fishes, particularly anchovies (Anchoa and Cetengraulis) and clupeids (Odontognathus and Opisthonema). The most abundant game fish along the Pacific coasts of Mexico and Central America. An excellent food fish enough to support a commercial fishery. Marketed fresh and frozen; also used for ceviche (Ref. 9987).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Collette, Bruce B. | Medewerkers

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 September 2008

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 19.4 - 28.9, mean 25.8 (based on 80 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00415 - 0.01052), b=2.92 (2.79 - 3.05), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.8 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.0 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (Assuming tm=2-4).
Prior r = 0.57, 95% CL = 0.37 - 0.85, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Medium.