Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Holocentriformes
(Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentridae
(Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Etymology: Sargocentron: Greek, sargos = sargus + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335). More on author: Gill.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal. Tropical; 28°N - 2°S
Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Ecuador, including the Galapagos Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9307); common length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)
soft rays: 8 - 9;
Vertebrae: 27. Body deep and somewhat compressed; caudal peduncle narrow; eyes large; pelvic fins with 1 spine and 7 soft rays (I, 7); preopercle with small serrations and a large, pointed spine at the angle; body violet pink; back bronze (Ref. 55763). Branchiostegal rays: 8-8 (Ref. 36626).
Adults hide in small caves or in crevices and cracks of rocks during the day. At night, they feed on small crustaceans in the intertidal zone, less than 3 m in depth. Oviparous, with planktonic larvae (Ref. 36626). Appear only occasionally in markets where it is sold fresh.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous (Ref. 36626). Also Ref. 240.
Schneider, W. and F. Krupp, 1995. Holocentridae. Candiles. p. 1182-1185. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9307)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.2 - 29.1, mean 27.3 °C (based on 214 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00759 - 0.03307), b=2.98 (2.81 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.48 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 200 [70, 712] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.684 [0.295, 2.114] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [17.4, 19.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.253 [0.101, 0.649] g/100g ; Selenium = 71.8 [38.4, 133.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 14.6 [6.2, 34.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.62 [0.73, 3.34] mg/100g (wet weight);