Siphamia cephalotes, Wood's siphonfish

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Siphamia cephalotes (Castelnau, 1875)

Wood's siphonfish
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Siphamia cephalotes   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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drawing shows typical species in Apogonidae.

Classification / Names ຊື່ສາມັນ | ຄຳສັບຄ້າຍຄືກັນ | Catalog of Fishes(ຕະກຸນ, ຊະນິດ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Kurtiformes (Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae (Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Siphamia: A Swazi word, siphama, for a fish.  More on author: Castelnau.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range ນິເວດວິທະຍາ

; ສັດທະເລ; ນ້ຳກ່ອຍ ກ່ຽວກັບ (ຢູ່)ເທິງຊັ້ນພື້ນດິນໃນທະເລເປີດ; ລະດັບຄວາມເລິກ - 7 m (Ref. 57178), usually - m (Ref. ).   Temperate; 0°C - ; 25°S - 45°S

ການແຜ່ກະຈາຍ ປະເທດ | ເຂດ FAO | ລະບົບນິເວດ | ການປະກົດຕົວ | Point map | ການແນະນຳ | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: endemic to southern Australia, from Shark Bay, Western Australia to Byron Bay, New South Wales.

ຂະໜາດ / ນ້ຳໜັກ / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.0 cm SL ຕົວຜູ້/ບໍ່ມີເພດ; (Ref. 26498)

Short description ສະລີລະວິທະຍາ | ການວັດແທກຮູບຮ່າງລັກສະນະພາຍນອກຂອງດິນ,ສັດ,ປາ…

ຄີ (ໜາມ)ແຂງຢູ່ຫຼັງປາ (ທັງໝົດ): 7; ຄີຫຼັງຂອງປາ (ຄີອ່ອນ) (ທັງໝົດ): 8; ຄີ(ໜາມ) ແຂງຢູ່ຄີກົ້ນປາ ກຸ່ມປາກະດູກແຂງ ຄວາມຖີ່ຂອງກຸ່ມຖ່າຍທອດພັນ ປາທີ່ມີການເຄື່ອນຍ້າຍຈາກທະເລໄປຫານ້ຳຈືດ ແລະນ້ຳຈືດຫາທະເລ ປາທີ່ມີການເຄື່ອນຍ້າຍຈາກທະເລແລະໄປໄຂ່ຢູ່ນ້ຳຈືດ ຄີກົ້ນຂອງປາ ສັດທີ່ມີກະດູກສັນຫັຼງ ການຖ່າຍທອດທາງກຳມະພັນຈາກພໍ່ແມ່ຫາລູກ 2; ຄີກົ້ນຂອງປາ: 8 - 9. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D1 VI, D2 I,8 (rarely 7 or 9 soft rays); A II,8-9; pectoral fin rays 12-14, unbranched and compressed distally; tubed lateral-line scales 22-23; median predorsal scales 4-5; total gill rakers 4-6 + 14-16, developed gill rakers 1-3 + 13-16 = 15-18; gill rakers on ceratobranchial 9-10; body relatively slender, depth 3.2-4.8 in SL, and body width 1.6-1.8 in the depth; eye diameter 3.2-3.7 in HL; first dorsal spine 1.1-1.3 in second spine; second dorsal spine 2.6-3.6, spine of second dorsal fin 5.1-6.7, and second anal spine 6.0-7.4, all in head length (HL); pectoral-fin length 5.8-6.7 and pelvic-fin length 5.7-6.1 in SL; caudal-peduncle length 1.05-1.4 in distance between pelvic spine insertion and anal-fin origin; preopercular edge and ridge smooth, with the ventral edge weakly ossified and usually slightly crenulate; palatines with 1-3 series of small teeth; first infraorbital pore a complex of about 7 small pores; scales large, mostly ctenoid; tubed lateral-line scales with vertical series of papillae; the tip of light organ on each side of tongue bound by membrane (Ref. 90035).

ຊີວະສາດ     ຄຳແປສັບ (ຕ.ຢ. epibenthic)

Benthic species (Ref. 75154) which occurs over soft bottom in coastal embayments and in the lower reaches of estuaries (Ref. 33616). It is found usually in schools near kelp or seagrass beds of Zostera or Posidonia at depths of 1-10 m (Ref. 90035).

Life cycle and mating behavior ການຈະເລີນເຕັມໄວ | ການສືບພັນ | ການວາງໄຂ່ | ໄຂ່ | ຄວາມດົກຂອງໄຂ່ປາ | ຕົວອ່ອນ

Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205). Adults in South Australian waters have been observed brooding eggs in January (Ref. 33616).

Main reference Upload your references | ເອກະສານອ້າງອີງ | ຜູ້ປະສານງານ | ຜູ້ຮ່ວມມື

Gon, O. and G.R. Allen, 2012. Revision of the Indo-Pacific cardinalfish genus Siphamia (Perciformes: Apogonidae). Zootaxa 3294:1-84. (Ref. 90035)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 15.3 - 22, mean 17.8 °C (based on 286 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00690 - 0.03171), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
ຊັ້ນເຂດຮ້ອນ (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
ຄວາມຢືດຢຸ່ນ (Ref. 120179):  ສູງ, ປະຊາກອນຕຳ່ສຸດທີ່ໃຊ້ເວລາສອງໜ້ອຍກວ່າ 15 ເດືອນ (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 229 [91, 496] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.69 [0.34, 1.56] mg/100g ; Protein = 17 [16, 18] % ; Omega3 = 1.45 [0.52, 4.05] g/100g ; Selenium = 9.45 [2.21, 28.02] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 30.1 [6.7, 139.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.37 [0.82, 2.25] mg/100g (wet weight);