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Pellona ditchela Valenciennes, 1847

Indian pellona
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pellona ditchela   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pellona ditchela (Indian pellona)
Pellona ditchela
Picture by Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.

Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (peixes com raios nas barbatanas) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Pristigasteridae (Pristigasterids)
Etymology: Pellona: Derived from Latin, pellis = skin (Ref. 45335);  ditchela: Dedicated to the Dutch zoologist J. Van der Hoeven (Ref. 1846).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas; Água doce; estuarina pelágico(a,os,as); anádromo (Ref. 51243); intervalo de profundidade 6 - 55 m (Ref. 12260).   Tropical; 25°N - 30°S, 43°E - 155°E (Ref. 54703)

Distribuição Países | Áreas FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Indian Ocean: east coast of Africa northward from about Durban (Ref. 3509) to the Gulf of Oman (Ref. 188), including Madagascar (Ref. 188, 3509), the coasts of India and Andaman Sea (Ref. 188, 6867), and south to western Australia (Ref. 188); also South China Sea (Ref. 188), and Indonesia to northern Australia and Papua New Guinea (Ref. 188, 6867).

Length at first maturity / Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm 13.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm SL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 188); common length : 13.0 cm SL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 2871)

Descrição breve Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 0; Raios dorsais moles (total): 16-19; Espinhos anais 0; Raios anais moles: 34 - 42. Diagnosis: Body moderately deep, compressed, belly with strongly keeled scutes, pre-pelvic 17-20, post-pelvic 8-10, total 25-29 scutes (Ref. 188, 6867). Eye large; lower jaw projecting; upper jaw with a toothed hypo-maxillary bone between hind tip of pre-maxilla and lower bulge of maxilla blade; lower gillrakers 22-27; dorsal fin origin near midpoint of body; pelvic fins present; anal fin with 34-42 finrays; scales with upper and lower vertical striae slightly overlapping each other at centre of scales (Ref. 188). It closely resembles Pellona dayi, which has only 20-21 lower gillrakers and the vertical scale striae not meeting at centre of scale; species of Ilisha have no hypo-maxilla; other pristigasterids are much more slender and lack pelvic fins (Ref. 188).

Biologia     Glossário (ex. epibenthic)

A pelagic species found in coastal areas (Ref. 2871, 6867) at depths from 6 to 36 meters (Ref. 3225); occasionally entering mangrove swamps and penetrating estuaries into freshwater (Ref. 188, 3509, 54703). Apparently fully euryhaline (Ref. 188). Marketed fresh and may be dried or salted (Ref. 5284). Regarded as an excellent bait in the tuna fishery.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador | Colaboradores

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

Categoria na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Preocupação menor (LC) ; Date assessed: 30 June 2016

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para o homem

  Harmless





Utilização humana

Pescarias: espécies comerciais; isco: usually
FAO(pescarias: produção, perfil da espécie; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Mais informação

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Áreas FAO
Ecossistemas
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Introduções
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Ecologia
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 26.4 - 29.1, mean 28.3 (based on 884 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00439 - 0.01091), b=3.10 (2.97 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resiliência (Ref. 69278):  Elevada, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população menor que 15 meses (K=0.28-0.74).
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   Low.