Paracaesio xanthura, Yellowtail blue snapper : fisheries

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Paracaesio xanthura (Bleeker, 1869)

Yellowtail blue snapper
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Paracaesio xanthura   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Paracaesio xanthura (Yellowtail blue snapper)
Paracaesio xanthura
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Lutjanidae (Snappers) > Apsilinae
Etymology: Paracaesio: Greek, para = the side of + Latin, caesium = bluish grey (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Bleeker.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien rifbewoner; diepteverspreiding 5 - 250 m (Ref. 86942).   Tropical; 35°N - 35°S, 37°E - 169°W (Ref. 55)

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Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Austral Islands, north to southern Japan, south to southeastern Australia. Paracaesio xanthura, a complex of variable populations, may compose a single or two (or more) species. Paracaesio pedleyi, from Lord Howe Island, Middleton Reef, and eastern Australian waters, is included here with some reservation (Ref. 9821).

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 5484)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 10; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 10-11; Anale stekels 3; Anale zachte stralen: 8 - 9. This species is distinguished by the following characters: body relatively deep and laterally compressed, greatest body depth 2.5-2.8 in SL; interorbital region convex; mouth terminal, jaws about equal; anterior end of upper lip without a thick fleshy protrusion; maxilla with or without scales and without longitudinal ridges; teeth in jaws caniniform to villiform; gill rakers of first gill arch 5-11 + 18-20; soft rays of dorsal fin usually 10, in anal fin 8; lateral line scales 70-72; caudal fin forked. Colour bright blue; broad yellow band over most of dorsal half of body, including most of caudal pedincle fin (Ref. 9821, 90102).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Adults occur over rocky bottoms, sometimes forming large schools. They feed largely on zooplankton (Ref. 30573). Caught mainly with handlines and bottom longlines and marketed fresh or frozen (Ref. 9821).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 05 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 19.9 - 28.3, mean 26.5 °C (based on 1214 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02089 (0.01157 - 0.03774), b=3.06 (2.89 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 35.1 [19.4, 64.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.636 [0.402, 1.029] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [16.9, 20.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.144 [0.094, 0.219] g/100g ; Selenium = 40.7 [22.7, 68.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 84.9 [32.4, 240.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.01 [0.65, 1.44] mg/100g (wet weight);