Pseudotropheus livingstonii : fisheries, aquarium

You can sponsor this page

Pseudotropheus livingstonii (Boulenger, 1899)

Uploaden van je Foto's en video's
Stamps, Coins Misc. | Google afbeelding
Image of Pseudotropheus livingstonii
Pseudotropheus livingstonii
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Pseudotropheus: In honour of Hans J. Mayland, German ictiologist (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Boulenger.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoetwater demersaal; pH range: 8.0 - 9.0; dH range: 12 - 20; diepteverspreiding 2 - 50 m.   Tropical; 22°C - 26°C (Ref. 2060); 13°S - 15°S

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Africa: Lake Malawi (Ref. 119458), common in the southeastern and southwestern arms of the lake (Ref. 5684).

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 5684)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 17 - 19; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 9-10; Anale stekels 3; Anale zachte stralen: 8 - 9. Diagnosis: This species is distinguished from all other members in Pseudotropheus, except P. crabro, P. demasoni, and P. saulosi, by the presence of five or fewer vertical bars below the dorsal fin; most Pseudotropheus species either have no bars or have greater than five below the dorsal fin (Ref. 119458). It is distinguished from P. crabro, P. demasoni, and P. saulosi by a pale yellow to hyaline dorsal fin vs. dorsal fin heavily pigmented with black (Ref. 119458).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Lives mainly over sand where it finds refuge in the empty shells of the gastropod, Lanistes nyassanus. Also found in intermediate habitats and rarely over rocks. Usually territorial over gastropod shells. When found away from its shell, it is usually solitary or in small groups of less than 5 individuals. Feeds from sand, taking epipelic algae (Ref. 6256).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Females are mouthbrooders.

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Medewerkers

Stauffer, J.R. Jr., A.F. Konings and T.M. Ryan, 2016. Redescription of Pseudotropheus livingstonii and Pseudotropheus elegans from Lake Malawi, Africa. Zootaxa 4154(2):169-178. (Ref. 119458)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 20 June 2018

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: ; Aquarium: Commercieel
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Meer informatie

Landen
FAO regio's
Ecosystems
Voorkomen
Introducties
Stocks
Ecologie
Dieet
voedselitems
Voedselconsumptie
voedselhoeveelheid
Populaire namen
Synoniemen
Metabolisme
Predators
Ecotoxicologie
Voortplanting
Geslachtsrijpheid
Kuitschieten
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eieren
Ontwikkeling van de eieren
Leeftijd/Grootte
Groei
Lengte-gewicht parameters
Lengte-lengte parameters
Lengtefrequenties
Morfometrie
Morfologie
Larven
Populatiedynamica van de larven
recrutering
Abundantie
Referenties
Aquacultuur
Aquacultuurprofiel
Kweeklijnen
Genetica
Alleelfrequenties
Erfelijkheid
Ziekten
Verwerking
Mass conversion
Medewerkers
Illustraties
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Geluid
Ciguatera
Snelheid
Zwemstijl
Kieuwoppervlak
Otoliths
Hersenen
Zicht

Tools

Speciale rapporten

Download XML

Internet-bronnen

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Bekijk FishWatcher gegevens | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genoom, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(ga naar, zoek) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00684 - 0.03200), b=2.98 (2.81 - 3.15), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (Fec<1000).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.