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Notorynchus cepedianus (Péron, 1807)

Broadnose sevengill shark
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Notorynchus cepedianus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Notorynchus cepedianus (Broadnose sevengill shark)
Notorynchus cepedianus
Picture by Murch, A.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (haaien en roggen) (sharks and rays) > Hexanchiformes (Frill and cow sharks) > Hexanchidae (Cow sharks)
Etymology: Notorynchus: Greek, noton = back + Greek, rhyngchos = snout (Ref. 45335);  cepedianus: maculatus meaning spotted (Ref. 6885).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien; brakwater demersaal; diepteverspreiding 0 - 570 m (Ref. 26346), usually ? - 80 m (Ref. 5578).   Subtropical; 56°N - 55°S, 131°W - 177°E (Ref. 54680)

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Circumglobal: In tropical to temperate waters; except North Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea. Southwest Atlantic: southern Brazil to northern Argentina. Southeast Atlantic: Namibia to East London, South Africa (Ref. 5578). Western Pacific: southern Japan to New Zealand. Eastern Pacific: British Columbia, Canada to Chile. Record from India maybe erroneous.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?, range 192 - 208 cm
Max length : 300 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 5578); common length : 150 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 6077); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 107.0 kg (Ref. 9987); Maximaal vermelde leeftijd: 49 jaren (Ref. 27952)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 0; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 0; Anale stekels 0; Anale zachte stralen: 0; Wervels: 123 - 157. A large seven-gilled cowshark (Ref. 5578) with a wide head, short and blunt snout, and fusiform body. Dorsal fin small, origin may vary from over insertion of pelvic fins to over free rear tips of pelvic fins. Anal fin smaller than dorsal fin. Tooth count 15-16/13. Reddish-brown to silvery-grey or olive-brown with numerous small black spots on body and fins; cream below (Ref. 5578).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Found on the continental shelf, often in shallow water (Ref. 247). Occurs close inshore, in bays and estuaries (Ref. 6871), with larger individuals ranging into deeper waters offshore and deep channels in bays (Ref. 247). Usually cruising steadily and slowly near the bottom (sometimes in water as shallow as a meter), but sometimes at the surface (Ref. 247). Can dash at speed when attacking prey (Ref. 247). Feeds on anything, including other sharks, rays, chimaeras, bony fish, hagfish, dolphin and porpoise meat, seals, shark egg cases, sea snails and mammalian carrion, including rats and humans (Ref. 5578). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449), with 82 to 95 young in a litter (Ref. 31395). Aggressive when provoked, and regarded as potentially dangerous to people in open waters (Ref. 247). It has attacked divers in captivity and may be involved in a few shark attacks off California and South Africa (Ref. 247). Often caught by anglers from the shore (Ref. 6574). Utilized for human consumption, its skin for leather, and its liver as a source of oil (Ref. 247).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Ovoviviparous, embryos feeding solely on yolk (Ref. 50449), with number of young reaching 82 in a litter. Gravid females apparently drop their young in shallow bays. Size at birth between 40 (Ref. 26346) and 53 (Ref. 247) cm. Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205). Gestation period 12 months. The reproductive cycle appears to be biennial (Ref. 45445).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Medewerkers

Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. (Ref. 247)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Kleiner risico: bijna bedreigd (LR/nt) ; Date assessed: 30 June 2000

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 247)





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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7.5 - 19.2, mean 14.2 (based on 122 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0781   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00437 (0.00193 - 0.00988), b=3.10 (2.90 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.7   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 69278):  zeer laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd meer dan 14 jaar (rm=0.026; K=0.25; tm=16; tmax=32; Fec=82-95).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (57 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Low.