Ikan bertulang rawan (sharks and rays)
(Shovelnose rays) > Pristidae
Etymology: Pristis: Greek, pristis = saw (Ref. 45335).
Synonym of Pristis pristis (Linnaeus, 1758) according to Faria et al., 2012 (Ref. 93006:11) and Weigmann, 2016 (Ref. 106604); status confirmed by William White (pers. Comm., Feb 2016).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; laut; air tawar; payau dasar (demersal); amphidromus (Ref. 51243); kisaran kedalaman 0 - 10 m (Ref. 27000). Tropical; 22°N - 39°S, 20°E - 154°E
Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to New Guinea, north to the Philippines and Viet Nam, south to Australia. Also Atlantic and eastern Pacific if Pristis perotteti and Pristis zephyreus are synonymized with this species. The original description of Pristis microdon did not give a locality, but most authors have used the name Pristis microdon for the Indo-West Pacific sawfishes of this species group as contrasted from the Atlantic Pristis perotteti and the eastern Pacific Pristis zephyreus.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur
Maturity: Lm ?, range 240 - 300 cm
Max length : 700 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 58048); common length : 500 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 2683); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 600.0 kg (Ref. 3164); Umur maksimum dilaporkan: 30 Tahun (Ref. 9859)
Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 0; Duri dubur 0; Sirip dubur lunak: 0. A heavily-bodied sawfish with a short but massive saw which is broad-based, strongly tapering and with 14-22 very large teeth on each side; space between last 2 saw-teeth on sides less than 2 times space between first 2 teeth (Ref. 5578). Pectoral fins high and angular, 1st dorsal fin mostly in front of pelvic fins, and caudal fin with pronounced lower lobe (Ref. 5578). Greenish, grey or golden-brown above, cream below (Ref. 5578).
Inhabits sandy or muddy bottoms of shallow coastal waters, estuaries, river mouths, and freshwater rivers and lakes. Usually found in turbid channels of large rivers over soft mud bottoms (Ref. 2847, 44894). Adults usually found in estuaries and young ascend into fresh water. Large adults can also be found in fresh water, but are rarely caught (Ref. 12693). Feeds on benthic animals and small schooling species. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). The saw is used for grubbing and attacking prey as well as for defense. The saws sell as tourist souvenirs (Ref. 7248). Occasionally caught by demersal tangle net and trawl fisheries in the Arafura Sea; possibly extinct in parts of the Indo-Pacific; highly susceptible to gill nets. Utilized for its fins and meat (both of very high value), and skin and cartilage (Ref.58048).
Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Gestation period about 5 months (Ref. 9859); litter size 1- 13 (Ref. 5578). Probably breeds in freshwater (Ref.58048).
Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens, 1994. Sharks and rays of Australia. CSIRO, Australia. 513 p. (Ref. 6871)
Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 119314)
ancaman kepada manusia
Traumatogenic (Ref. 4690)
Perikanan: nilai komersial kecil; Ikan buruan: ya
AcuanBudidaya airprofil budidaya airStrainGenetikaFrekuensi alelDiturunkanPenyakit-penyakitPengolahanMass conversion
muat turun XML
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.6 - 29.2, mean 28.5 (based on 2653 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5234 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00195 - 0.01230), b=3.05 (2.83 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.61 se; Based on food items.
Daya lenting (Ref. 69278
): sangat rendah, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum lebih dari 14 tahun (tm=10; tmax=30; Fec=1).
keancaman (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (87 of 100) .