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Pimephales vigilax (Baird & Girard, 1853)

Bullhead minnow
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Image of Pimephales vigilax (Bullhead minnow)
Pimephales vigilax
Picture by Lyons, J.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Pimephales: Greek, pimeles, -es = fat + Greek, phales = whale; if the root is Greek, phales, -etos = penis (Ref. 45335);  vigilax: vigilax, meaning watchful (Ref. 10294).  More on authors: Baird & Girard.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; süßwasser demersal.   Subtropical; 46°N - 27°N

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

North America: Mississippi River basin from western Pennsylvania to Minnesota in USA, and south to Gulf; Gulf Slope drainages from Mobile Bay in Georgia and Alabama to Rio Grande in Texas and New Mexico, USA and Mexico.

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.2 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 10294); common length : 5.7 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 12193)

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Occurs in quiet pools and runs over sand, silt, or gravel, in small to large rivers. Most common in medium-sized rivers (Ref. 5723, 10294). Feeds on insect immatures (Ref. 10294).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 March 2012

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet Quellen

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(Genom, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Gehe zu, Suchen) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00318 - 0.01574), b=3.08 (2.89 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.6   ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  hoch, Verdopplung der Population dauert weniger als 15 Monate. (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .