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Conger conger (Linnaeus, 1758)

European conger
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Conger conger   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Conger conger (European conger)
Conger conger
Picture by Patzner, R.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Congridae (Conger and garden eels) > Congrinae
Etymology: Conger: Latin, conger = conger (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; laut dasar (demersal); oceanodromus (Ref. 51243); kisaran kedalaman 0 - 1171 m (Ref. 56504).   Temperate; 68°N - 12°N, 32°W - 42°E

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Norway and Iceland to Senegal. Also in the Mediterranean and Black Sea.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm 200.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 300 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 4453); common length : 100.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 4645); common length :150 cm TL (female); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 110.0 kg (Ref. 35388)

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Found on rocky and sandy bottoms (Ref. 12382). Depth range from 0-500 m (Ref. 4453) and from 305-1171 m in the eastern Ionian Sea (Ref. 56504). It stays near the coast when young and moves toward deeper waters upon reaching adulthood (Ref. 5377). A nocturnal (Ref. 12382) predator of fish, crustaceans, and cephalopods (Ref. 6521). Like other species of the group, it reproduces only once in its life (Ref. 5377). Sexually mature at an age of 5-15 years. Spawn in summer in the Atlantic off Portugal and in the Mediterranean. Produces 3-8 million of eggs (Ref. 35388). Marketed fresh and frozen. Eaten fried and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

Eggs are deposited in the open sea, at depths between 2,000 and 3,000 m (Ref. 12382).

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator | mitra

Smith, D.G., 1990. Congridae. p. 156-167. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4453)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 120744)

  kurang bimbang (LC) ; Date assessed: 20 October 2011

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30911)





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: komersial; Ikan buruan: ya; Akuarium: Akuarium publik
FAO(Perikanan: production, profail spesis; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

informasi lanjut

Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 4.4 - 14.4, mean 8.7 (based on 480 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00042 (0.00032 - 0.00055), b=3.29 (3.22 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 17.4 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179):  Rendah, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 4.5 - 14 tahun (K=0.06; tm=5-15 (female tm>10); Fec=3,000,000).
Prior r = 0.35, 95% CL = 0.23 - 0.53, Based on 7 stock assessments.
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (86 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Medium.