Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate)
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Fistulariidae
Etymology: Fistularia: Latin, fistula, -ae = pipe, flute (Ref. 45335). More on author: Lacepède.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; marino; salmastro associati a barriera corallina; distribuzione batimetrica 10 - 200 m (Ref. 9563), usually 18 - 57 m (Ref. 47377). Tropical; 44°N - 39°S
Western Atlantic: southeastern Florida, USA to Central America according to Ref. 7251, Massachusetts to southern Brazil (Ref. 47377). Also found in Argentina (Ref. 86323). Eastern Atlantic: Galicia, Spain (Ref. 74931), Cape Blanc and Cape Verde to Angola (Ref. 6557). Reported from Walvis Bay, Namibia (Ref. 4272). Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Hawaiian and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan and the Ogasawara Islands, south to Victoria, Australia (Ref. 33390). This name has often wrongly been used for the more common Fistularia commersonii (Ref. 2334). Mediterranean: Cadiz, Spain (southern Iberian Peninsula) (Ref. 34227).
Size / Peso / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 200 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 26999); common length : 180 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 47377); peso massimo pubblicato: 4.7 kg (Ref. 4883)
Morfologia | Morfometria
Spine dorsali (totale): 0; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 13-15; Spine anali 0; Raggi anali molli: 14 - 15. With a row of bony plates along the midline (absent in F. commersoni); reddish or brownish-orange in color (whereas F. commersoni is greenish-brown).
Found in the sublittoral zone (Ref. 11230); inhabits coastal areas over soft bottoms, usually at depths greater than 10 m (Ref. 30573). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Feeds on small fishes and shrimps (Ref. 3401). Maximum length reported is 200 cm TL (Ref. 26999), however, no specimen over 100 cm is known to J.E. Randall (Ref. 11441).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve
Fritzsche, R.A., 1990. Fistulariidae. p. 654-655. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6557)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Pesca: pesca di sussistenza
BibliografiaAcquacolturaProfilo di acquacolturaVarietàGeneticaFrequenze allelicheEreditarietàMalattieElaborazioneMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21.3 - 29, mean 27.5 (based on 2574 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00071 (0.00040 - 0.00124), b=2.96 (2.80 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.4 ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (71 of 100) .