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Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Lesueur, 1829)

Black crappie
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Native range | All suitable habitat
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pomoxis nigromaculatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Black crappie)
Pomoxis nigromaculatus
Picture by Lovshin, L.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Centrarchidae (Sunfishes)
Etymology: Pomoxis: Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, oxys = sharp (Ref. 45335);  nigromaculatus: nigromaculatus meaning black spotted (Ref. 1998).  More on author: Lesueur.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; air tawar bentopelagis; kisaran kedalaman 0 - ? m (Ref. 1998).   Subtropical; ? - 31°C (Ref. 12741); 50°N - 25°N, 100°W - 73°W (Ref. 120640)

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

North America: The native range is difficult to determine due to its widespread introduction throughout the USA but it is presumably Atlantic Slope from Virginia to Florida, Gulf Slope west to Texas in the USA, St. Lawrence-Great Lakes, Hudson Bay (Red River), and Mississippi River basins from Quebec to Manitoba in Canada south to the Gulf in the USA.

Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 49.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 86798); common length : 27.5 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 12193); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 2.7 kg (Ref. 40637); Umur maksimum dilaporkan: 15 Tahun (Ref. 46974)

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Inhabits lakes, ponds, sloughs, and backwaters and pools of streams (Ref. 1998, 10294). Usually occurs among vegetation over mud or sand, most common in clear water (Ref. 86798). Forms schools (Ref. 1998). Feeds early in the morning, from midnight to 2 am (Ref. 1998). Individuals up to 16 cm feed on planktonic crustaceans and free-swimming, nocturnal, and dipterous larvae; larger individuals feed on small fishes (Ref. 1998, 10294). May be preyed upon by other fishes (Ref. 1998).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

Nests are built by males, by clearing an area on the sand, mud or gravel bottom. Females probably spawn with different males in more than one nest (Ref. 1998). Males guard the eggs for about 5 days (Ref. 93240).

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator | mitra

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 120744)

  kurang bimbang (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 March 2012

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Harmless





penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: komersial; Ikan buruan: ya; Akuarium: Akuarium publik
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

informasi lanjut

Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

muat turun XML

Sumber internet

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00924 - 0.01362), b=3.05 (2.99 - 3.11), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.62 se; Based on food items.
Daya lenting (Ref. 69278):  sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (K=0.11-0.45; tmax=13; Fec=26,700).
keancaman (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100) .
kategori harga (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.