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(Perch-likes) > Centrarchidae
Etymology: Pomoxis: Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, oxys = sharp (Ref. 45335); nigromaculatus: nigromaculatus meaning black spotted (Ref. 1998). More on author: Lesueur.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; air tawar bentopelagis; kisaran kedalaman 0 - ? m (Ref. 1998). Subtropical; ? - 31°C (Ref. 12741); 50°N - 25°N, 100°W - 73°W (Ref. 120640)
North America: The native range is difficult to determine due to its widespread introduction throughout the USA but it is presumably Atlantic Slope from Virginia to Florida, Gulf Slope west to Texas in the USA, St. Lawrence-Great Lakes, Hudson Bay (Red River), and Mississippi River basins from Quebec to Manitoba in Canada south to the Gulf in the USA.
Size / Weight / umur
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 49.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 86798); common length : 27.5 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 12193); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 2.7 kg (Ref. 40637); Umur maksimum dilaporkan: 15 Tahun (Ref. 46974)
Inhabits lakes, ponds, sloughs, and backwaters and pools of streams (Ref. 1998, 10294). Usually occurs among vegetation over mud or sand, most common in clear water (Ref. 86798). Forms schools (Ref. 1998). Feeds early in the morning, from midnight to 2 am (Ref. 1998). Individuals up to 16 cm feed on planktonic crustaceans and free-swimming, nocturnal, and dipterous larvae; larger individuals feed on small fishes (Ref. 1998, 10294). May be preyed upon by other fishes (Ref. 1998).
Nests are built by males, by clearing an area on the sand, mud or gravel bottom. Females probably spawn with different males in more than one nest (Ref. 1998). Males guard the eggs for about 5 days (Ref. 93240).
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
ancaman kepada manusia
Perikanan: komersial; Ikan buruan: ya; Akuarium: Akuarium publik
mitraGambarStamps, Coins Misc.Suara-suaraCiguateraKecepatanTipe renangArea insangOtolithsOtakPenglihatan / visi
muat turun XML
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00924 - 0.01362), b=3.05 (2.99 - 3.11), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.62 se; Based on food items.
Daya lenting (Ref. 69278
): sedang, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum 1.4 - 4.4 tahun (K=0.11-0.45; tmax=13; Fec=26,700).
keancaman (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100) .