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Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Lesueur, 1829)

Black crappie
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Native range | All suitable habitat
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pomoxis nigromaculatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Black crappie)
Pomoxis nigromaculatus
Picture by Lovshin, L.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Centrarchidae (Sunfishes)
Etymology: Pomoxis: Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, oxys = sharp (Ref. 45335);  nigromaculatus: nigromaculatus meaning black spotted (Ref. 1998).  More on author: Lesueur.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoetwater benthopelagisch; diepteverspreiding 0 - ? m (Ref. 1998).   Subtropical; ? - 31°C (Ref. 12741); 50°N - 25°N, 100°W - 73°W (Ref. 120640)

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

North America: The native range is difficult to determine due to its widespread introduction throughout the USA but it is presumably Atlantic Slope from Virginia to Florida, Gulf Slope west to Texas in the USA, St. Lawrence-Great Lakes, Hudson Bay (Red River), and Mississippi River basins from Quebec to Manitoba in Canada south to the Gulf in the USA.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 49.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 86798); common length : 27.5 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 12193); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 2.7 kg (Ref. 40637); Maximaal vermelde leeftijd: 15 jaren (Ref. 46974)

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Inhabits lakes, ponds, sloughs, and backwaters and pools of streams (Ref. 1998, 10294). Usually occurs among vegetation over mud or sand, most common in clear water (Ref. 86798). Forms schools (Ref. 1998). Feeds early in the morning, from midnight to 2 am (Ref. 1998). Individuals up to 16 cm feed on planktonic crustaceans and free-swimming, nocturnal, and dipterous larvae; larger individuals feed on small fishes (Ref. 1998, 10294). May be preyed upon by other fishes (Ref. 1998).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Nests are built by males, by clearing an area on the sand, mud or gravel bottom. Females probably spawn with different males in more than one nest (Ref. 1998). Males guard the eggs for about 5 days (Ref. 93240).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 March 2012

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: commercieel; vis voor de hengelsport: ja; Aquarium: Publieke aquaria
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Meer informatie

Populaire namen
Synoniemen
Metabolisme
Predators
Ecotoxicologie
Voortplanting
Geslachtsrijpheid
Kuitschieten
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eieren
Ontwikkeling van de eieren
Leeftijd/Grootte
Groei
Lengte-gewicht parameters
Lengte-lengte parameters
Lengtefrequenties
Morfometrie
Morfologie
Larven
Populatiedynamica van de larven
recrutering
Abundantie
Referenties
Aquacultuur
Aquacultuurprofiel
Kweeklijnen
Genetica
Alleelfrequenties
Erfelijkheid
Ziekten
Verwerking
Mass conversion
Medewerkers
Illustraties
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Geluid
Ciguatera
Snelheid
Zwemstijl
Kieuwoppervlak
Otoliths
Hersenen
Zicht

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00924 - 0.01362), b=3.05 (2.99 - 3.11), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.62 se; Based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 69278):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (K=0.11-0.45; tmax=13; Fec=26,700).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.