You can sponsor this page

Perca flavescens (Mitchill, 1814)

American yellow perch
上傳你的 相片 和 影像
Pictures | Videos |     Google 影像
Image of Perca flavescens (American yellow perch)
Perca flavescens
Male picture by N. Burkhead & R. Jenkins, courtesy of VDGIF

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Percidae (Perches) 鱸科 (Perches) > Percinae
Etymology: Perca: Greek, perke = perch, a fish without identificaction (Ref. 45335);  flavescens: flavescens meaning yellow (Ref. 1998).  More on author: Mitchill.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 淡水; 半鹹淡水 底中水層性; 深度上下限 ? - 56 m (Ref. 11004), usually ? - 9 m (Ref. 1998).   溫帶; 0°C - 30°C (Ref. 35682); 65°N - 30°N, 124°W - 59°W (Ref. 86798)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

North America: Atlantic, Arctic, Great Lakes, and Mississippi River basins from Nova Scotia to Mackenzie River drainage, Northwest Territories in Canada, and south to Ohio, Illinois and Nebraska in the USA; south in Atlantic drainages to Savannah River in Georgia, USA.
北美洲: 大西洋,北極圈,五大湖與密西西比河流域從新斯科舍省與魁北克西至在加拿大的西北地區的偉大奴隸湖, 而且南至在美國的俄亥俄州,伊利諾州與內布拉斯加; 南方在大西洋的流域到美國南卡羅萊那州的 Santee 河。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 19.2  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 9988); common length : 19.1 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 12193); 最大體重: 1.9 kg (Ref. 40637); 最大年齡: 11 年 (Ref. 12193)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabits lakes, ponds, pools of creeks, and rivers. Also found in brackish water and in salt lakes. Most commonly found in clear water near vegetation; tends to shoal near the shore during spring (Ref. 9988, 10294). Feeds on immature insects, larger invertebrates, fishes and fish eggs during the day. Preyed upon by fishes and birds (Ref. 1998). Spawns between February and July in the northern hemisphere and between August and October in the southern hemisphere (Ref. 10999). Neither anterolateral glandular groove nor venom gland is present (Ref. 57406). Marketed fresh or frozen; eaten pan-fried, broiled or baked (Ref. 9988).

棲息於湖,池塘,小溪的水池與河。 也發現於半淡鹹水與在鹽湖。 最普遍發現於在植物附近的清澈的水域; 傾向在海岸附近的淺灘春天時。 (參考文獻 9988,10294) 吃不成熟的昆蟲,較大的無脊椎動物,魚與魚卵在白天期間。 被魚與鳥捕食.。 (參考文獻 1998) 在北半球中在二月與七月之間與在八月與十月之間產卵在南半球.(參考文獻 10999) 既不是前外側的腺凹槽也不是毒液腺存在.(參考文獻 57406) 生鮮或冷凍地在市場上銷售; 吃油鍋炸的, 火烤的或燒烤。 (參考文獻 9988)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Nonobligatory plant spawner. 北美洲: 大西洋,北極圈,五大湖與密西西比河流域從新斯科舍省與魁北克西至在加拿大的西北地區的偉大奴隸湖, 而且南至在美國的俄亥俄州,伊利諾州與內布拉斯加; 南方在大西洋的流域到美國南卡羅萊那州的 Santee 河。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 March 2012

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的 (Ref. 57406)





人類使用

漁業: 商業性; 游釣魚種: 是的; 水族館: 公眾的水族館
FAO(養殖: 產生; 漁業: 產生; publication : search) | FishSource |

工具

特別的報告

下載 XML

網路資源

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00963 - 0.01572), b=3.04 (2.97 - 3.11), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.4 (2.6 - 3.9) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 31 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.17-0.19; tmax=11).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.