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Perca flavescens (Mitchill, 1814)

American yellow perch
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Image of Perca flavescens (American yellow perch)
Perca flavescens
Male picture by N. Burkhead & R. Jenkins, courtesy of VDGIF

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Percidae (Perches) > Percinae
Etymology: Perca: Greek, perke = perch, a fish without identificaction (Ref. 45335);  flavescens: flavescens meaning yellow (Ref. 1998).  More on author: Mitchill.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; eau douce; saumâtre benthopélagique; profondeur ? - 56 m (Ref. 11004), usually ? - 9 m (Ref. 1998).   Subtropical; 0°C - 30°C (Ref. 35682); 65°N - 30°N, 124°W - 59°W (Ref. 86798)

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: Atlantic, Arctic, Great Lakes, and Mississippi River basins from Nova Scotia to Mackenzie River drainage, Northwest Territories in Canada, and south to Ohio, Illinois and Nebraska in the USA; south in Atlantic drainages to Savannah River in Georgia, USA.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 19.2  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 9988); common length : 19.1 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 12193); poids max. publié: 1.9 kg (Ref. 40637); âge max. reporté: 11 années (Ref. 12193)

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Inhabits lakes, ponds, pools of creeks, and rivers. Also found in brackish water and in salt lakes. Most commonly found in clear water near vegetation; tends to shoal near the shore during spring (Ref. 9988, 10294). Feeds on immature insects, larger invertebrates, fishes and fish eggs during the day. Preyed upon by fishes and birds (Ref. 1998). Spawns between February and July in the northern hemisphere and between August and October in the southern hemisphere (Ref. 10999). Neither anterolateral glandular groove nor venom gland is present (Ref. 57406). Marketed fresh or frozen; eaten pan-fried, broiled or baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Nonobligatory plant spawner.

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 March 2012

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless (Ref. 57406)





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: commercial; pêche sportive: oui; Aquarium: Aquariums publics
FAO(Aquaculture: production; pêcheries: production; publication : search) | FishSource |

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Sources Internet

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00963 - 0.01572), b=3.04 (2.97 - 3.11), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.4 (2.6 - 3.9) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 31 growth studies.
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Milieu, temps minimum de doublement de population : 1,4 à 4,4 années (K=0.17-0.19; tmax=11).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.