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Trachurus murphyi Nichols, 1920

Chilean jack mackerel
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Trachurus murphyi   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Trachurus murphyi (Chilean jack mackerel)
Trachurus murphyi
Picture by Béarez, P.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) 鰺科 (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Trachurus: Greek, trachys, -eia, -ys = rough + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Nichols.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 10 - 306 m (Ref. 58489), usually 10 - 70 m.   熱帶; 2°N - 51°S, 106°E - 79°W (Ref. 54929)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

South Pacific and Southwestern Atlantic: Eastern Central and South Pacific: off Peru and Chile (Ref. 27363), incl. incidental in Juan Fernández Is. (Ref. 89357). Reported from off Ecuador (Ref. 9283). Southwest Pacific: off New Zealand (Ref. 5755). Southwestern Atlantic: off southern Argentina (Ref. 27363)
東南太平洋: 外海的祕魯與智利.(參考文獻 27363) 記錄來自厄瓜多了。 (參考文獻 9283) 西南太平洋: 紐西蘭.(參考文獻 5755) 西南大西洋: 阿根廷南部(參考文獻 27363, p。 209)。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?, range 39 - 42 cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 9283); common length : 45.0 cm FL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 9283); 最大年齡: 16 年 (Ref. 26956)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 9; 背的軟條 (總數): 31-35; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 27 - 29. Body elongated and little compressed; teeth small and uniseriate; lower branch of first gill arch with 42 to 45 gill rakers; edge of shoulders girdle (cleithrum) with a small furrow at its upper end but lacking papillae; lateral line completely scaled, the scales becoming large scutes posteriorly; scutes in the area of the median curve 1.1 to 1.6 times the diameter of the eye; nape and back metallic blue or dark gray; flanks and belly pale; dorsal edge of operculum with a black stain (Ref. 55763). Body elongate and slightly compressed. Body dark blue dorsally, silvery-white ventrally. Black spot on upper posterior margin of opercle. Fins dusky (Ref. 37339). Pectoral fin falcate and very long (Ref. 27363).
細長的身體與些微扁長形。 身體深藍色背面, 腹面銀白色的。 在鰓蓋的上面後緣上的黑色的斑點。 鰭暗色的.(參考文獻 37339) 胸鰭鐮刀狀與非常長的.(參考文獻 27363)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults are found in the shore and open oceanic waters, in schools. They feed mainly on fish larvae and small crustaceans. Marketed fresh (Ref. 9283). Utilized canned for human consumption and also made into fishmeal (Ref. 9988). The species is often found in Juan Fernández Is. as an incidental catch of Pseudocaranx chilensis (Guichenot, 1848) fisheries (Ref. 89357).

發現於海岸與開放的大洋性水域了。 形成魚群。 主要吃仔魚與小型甲殼動物。 在市場上銷售生鮮地了。 (參考文獻 9283) 利用了罐裝供人類消費以及製成了魚粉。 (參考文獻 9988)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

東南太平洋: 外海的祕魯與智利.(參考文獻 27363) 記錄來自厄瓜多了。 (參考文獻 9283) 西南太平洋: 紐西蘭.(參考文獻 5755) 西南大西洋: 阿根廷南部(參考文獻 27363, p。 209)。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | 合作者

Smith-Vaniz, W.F., 1995. Carangidae. Jureles, pámpanos, cojinúas, zapateros, cocineros, casabes, macarelas, chicharros, jorobados, medregales, pez pilota. p. 940-986. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9283)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  資料不足 (DD) ; Date assessed: 30 April 2008

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 高經濟性
FAO(漁業: 產生, 魚種描繪; publication : search) | FishSource | 周邊海洋

更多資訊

俗名
同種異名
新陳代謝
捕食者
生態毒物學
繁殖
成熟度
產卵場
產卵群集
孕卵數

卵發育
參考文獻
養殖
養殖資訊
品種
遺傳學
基因序列
遺傳率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
聲音
神經毒
速度
泳型
鰓區
Otoliths
腦重體重比
眼睛色素

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網路資源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 檢查 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因組, 核甘) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | OsteoBase(skull, spine) | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | 樹狀分類階層 | Wikipedia(, 搜尋) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 動物學的記錄

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 14.1 - 22.6, mean 16.5 (based on 352 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00783 - 0.01932), b=2.92 (2.78 - 3.06), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.09-0.11; tmax=16).
Prior r = 0.52, 95% CL = 0.34 - 0.77, Based on 1 stock assessment.
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.