This page is sponsored by
FishBase Consortium Member

Trachurus declivis (Jenyns, 1841)

Greenback horse mackerel
Voeg je waarneming toe in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Trachurus declivis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Uploaden van je Foto's en video's
Pictures | Google afbeelding
Image of Trachurus declivis (Greenback horse mackerel)
Trachurus declivis
Picture by CSIRO

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Trachurus: Greek, trachys, -eia, -ys = rough + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Jenyns.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien; brakwater benthopelagisch; diepteverspreiding 27 - 460 m (Ref. 27930), usually ? - 300 m (Ref. 9072).   Temperate; ? - 16°C (Ref. 9072); 9°S - 53°S, 112°E - 177°E (Ref. 54926)

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Southwest Pacific: Western Australia to New South Wales, including New Zealand. Principal component analysis of morphometric and meristic characters indicates three separate subpopulations in the Great Australian Bight, off New South Wales, and off Tasmania (Ref. 7456).

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm 31.5, range 23 - 37 cm
Max length : 64.0 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 33839); common length : 42.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 9258); Maximaal vermelde leeftijd: 25 jaren (Ref. 9072)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 9; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 29-35; Anale stekels 3; Anale zachte stralen: 24 - 29; Wervels: 24. Adults are elongate and slightly compressed, and have a primary lateral line with 71-89 scutes, and a secondary lateral line reaching to below dorsal-fin rays 7-9 (Ref. 33616).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Adults are commonly found near the bottom, in midwater and occasionally at the surface (Ref. 9258) in continental shelf waters (Ref. 27930). They form pelagic schools for most of the year but may move close to the sea bed during winter (Ref. 27931). Generally found at less than 300 m water depth with temperature less than 16° C (Ref. 9072). Juveniles inhabit coastal and estuarine waters although they may sometimes be found offshore (Ref. 27930). Adults feed mostly during the day mainly on krill and other planktonic crustaceans, light fish (Sternoptychidae) and lantern fish (Myctophidae) at the edge of the continental shelf (Ref. 27933).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Eggs and sperm are released amongst schooling fish, possibly deep in the water column near the edge of the continental shelf. Eggs are distributed between the surface and the thermocline and larvae are carried inshore by currents.

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | Medewerkers

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 119314)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 19 July 2017

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: van groot commercieel belang; vis voor de hengelsport: ja; aas: usually
FAO(Visserij: production, soortsprofiel; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Meer informatie

Landen
FAO regio's
Ecosystems
Voorkomen
Introducties
Stocks
Ecologie
Dieet
voedselitems
Voedselconsumptie
voedselhoeveelheid
Populaire namen
Synoniemen
Metabolisme
Predators
Ecotoxicologie
Voortplanting
Geslachtsrijpheid
Kuitschieten
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eieren
Ontwikkeling van de eieren
Referenties
Aquacultuur
Aquacultuurprofiel
Kweeklijnen
Genetica
Alleelfrequenties
Erfelijkheid
Ziekten
Verwerking
Mass conversion
Medewerkers
Illustraties
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Geluid
Ciguatera
Snelheid
Zwemstijl
Kieuwoppervlak
Otoliths
Hersenen
Zicht

Tools

Speciale rapporten

Download XML

Internet-bronnen

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Bekijk FishWatcher gegevens | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genoom, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(ga naar, zoek) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 11.1 - 20.2, mean 14.4 (based on 135 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00791 - 0.02004), b=2.97 (2.83 - 3.11), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.61 se; Based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 69278):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (tm=2-4; tmax=25).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Very high.