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Cottus cognatus Richardson, 1836

Slimy sculpin
إضافة ملاحظاتك Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Cottus cognatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
ارفع صور و مقاطع فيديو
Pictures | صور قوقل
Image of Cottus cognatus (Slimy sculpin)
Cottus cognatus
Picture by Scarola, J.F.

التصنيف / Names الأسماء الشائعة | مرادفات | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

شعاعيات الزعانف > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Cottidae (Sculpins)
Etymology: Cottus: Greek, kottos = a fish (Ref. 45335);  cognatus: Named after Mr. Fred Chamberlain, naturalist of the steamer Albatross, who collected the type (Ref. 11366).  More on author: Richardson.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range البيئة

; المياه العذبة; مياه مخلوطة القاع; نطاق العمق 6 - 128 m (Ref. 1998).   Temperate; 4°C - 16°C (Ref. 13614); 71°N - 37°N

التوزيع دول | مناطق الفاو | النظام البيئي | الظهور | Point map | مقدمة | Faunafri

North America: throughout most of mainland Canada and Alaska; Atlantic Slope drainages south to Potomac River in Virginia, USA; St. Lawrence-Great Lakes basin; upper Mississippi River basin in Wisconsin, Minnesota and Iowa, USA; upper Columbia River drainage in Canada and USA. Also in Siberia, Russia.

Length at first maturity / الحجم / وزن / العمر

Maturity: Lm 7.4  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.1 cm TL ذكر/ مختلط الجنس; (Ref. 27547); common length : 7.5 cm TL ذكر/ مختلط الجنس; (Ref. 27547); العمر: 7 سنين (Ref. 28921)

وصف مختصر الوصف الخارجي | قياسات المظهر الخارجي

الأشواك الظهرية (المجموع): 7 - 10; الأشعة الظهرية الناعمة (المجموع): 14-19; شوكة شرجية 0; أشعه شرجية لينه: 10 - 14; فقرات: 31 - 35. Distinguished by the two pores on the chin and the short lateral line ending under the second dorsal fin (Ref. 27547). Gill rakers short and stubby, about 6 on first gill arch; lateral line incomplete, ending under middle of soft dorsal fin and usually having a few isolated pores behind this point; main portion with 12 to 26 pores (Ref. 27547). Pectorals large and fan-shaped, tips of lower rays projecting; fourth ray of pelvic much reduced; caudal rounded (Ref. 27547). Rather dark brown or green to dark gray on back and sides, whitish below, with vague, dark mottlings or bars below soft dorsal; belly sometimes with orange tints; soft dorsal, pectoral and caudal fins usually barred, pelvic fins and anal usually immaculate but sometimes barred; spiny dorsal dark at base, with a clear margin that may turn orange in breeding males; breeding males usually dark, sometimes black, all over (Ref. 27547).

أحياء     المصطلحات (على سبيل المثال epibenthic)

Inhabits rocky riffles of cold streams, rocky areas of lakes (commonly at 90-106 m depth), springs and their effluents (Ref. 5723). Moves into shallow water to spawn (Ref. 27547). In some areas, they are common in brackish water (Ref. 27843), presumably moving to and from fresh water, at least for spawning (Ref. 27547). Feeds mostly on aquatic insect larvae and nymphs but also on crustaceans, small fishes, and plant materials (Ref. 1998). May be used as bait, but this seems rare (Ref. 27547).

Life cycle and mating behavior النضج | التكاثر | وضع البيض | بيض | الخصوبة | Larvae

The male chooses a nesting site under a rock or ledge. Spawning males are territorial toward other males (Ref. 27547). He attracts a female into the nesting site and after more courting the female deposits her adhesive eggs. The female is then driven out and the male guards the eggs until hatching occurs. The nest usually contains eggs from several females (Ref. 27547). The male has also been observed to guard the young (Ref. 1998).

المرجع الرئيسي Upload your references | مراجع | المنظم | المتعاونين

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 09 November 2011

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

خطر للأنسان

  Harmless





استخدامات بشرية

مصائد: غير ذات اهمية; حوض مائي: احواض مائية عامة
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

مزيد من المعلومات

دول
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النظام البيئي
الظهور
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التغذية
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استهلاك الأغذية
Ration
العمر/ الحجم
نمو
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الطول-الطول
الطول- الترددات
قياسات المظهر الخارجي
الوصف الخارجي
Larvae
حركة انتقال اليرقات
توظيف
الوفرة
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مصادر علي الأنترنت

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00284 - 0.01468), b=3.16 (2.96 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
مستوى غذائي (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.47 se; Based on food items.
المرونه (Ref. 69278):  وسيط, الحد الزمني الأدني لتضاعف عدد أفراد المجتمع 1.4-4.4 سنة (tm=2-4; tmax=7; Fec=42-1,420).
عرضة للخطر (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .