Leuciscus leuciscus, Common dace : gamefish, bait

You can sponsor this page

Leuciscus leuciscus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common dace
Загрузить свой Фото и Видео
Pictures | Videos | Изображение на Google
Image of Leuciscus leuciscus (Common dace)
Leuciscus leuciscus
Picture by Zienert, S.

Классификация / Names народные названия | синонимы | Catalog of Fishes(род, виды) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Leuciscidae (Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Leuciscus: Greek, leykiskos = white mullet (Ref. 45335);  leuciscus: From Greek leucos = bright, shining white.  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range экология

; пресноводный; солоноватоводный донно-пелагический; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; мигрирует в реке (Ref. 51243); пределы глубины 1 - ? m.   Temperate; 4°C - 22°C (Ref. 41616); 72°N - 41°N, 10°W - 155°E

распространение страны | регионы FAO | Ecosystems | места находок | Point map | интродукции | Faunafri

Europe and Asia: North, Baltic, White and Barents Sea basins; Caspian basin, in Volga and Ural drainages; Black Sea basin, from Danube to Dniepr drainages; Atlantic basin, in Seine drainage; Mediterranean basin from Rhône to Arch drainages (France). Only very localized in Danube main river in Romania, in Scandinavia north of 69°N and most of cenral Finland. Populations from Siberia and East Asia usually referred to Leuciscus leuciscus are distinct species, Leuciscus baicalensis and Leuciscus dzungaricus (Ref. 59043). Has become widespread in Europe and gained access to Ireland as a bait fish. At least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction (Ref. 1739).

Length at first maturity / Size / Вес / Возраст

Maturity: Lm 17.9  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL самец/пол неопределен; (Ref. 30578); common length : 15.0 cm TL самец/пол неопределен; (Ref. 556); наибольший вес (опубликованные данные): 1.0 kg (Ref. 30578); наибольший возраст (опубликованны данные): 16 годы (Ref. 41616)

Краткое описание морфология | морфометрия

колючие лучи спинного плавника (общее число): 2 - 3; членистые (мягкие) лучи спинного плавника (общее число): 7-9; колючие лучи анального плавника 3; членистые (мягкие) лучи анального плавника: 8 - 9; позвонки: 42 - 46. Diagnosed from congeners in Europe by the following characters: subinferior or subterminal mouth; subequal jaw, upper jaw slightly longer; upper lip tip about level with center of eye; not projecting snout; articulation of lower jaw distinctly behind anterior margin of eye; horizontal branch of preoperculum shorter than vertical branch; and 40-50 + 1-2 scales on lateral line (Ref. 59043). Rarely longer than 30 cm TL; normally 47-52 scales in lateral line; anal fin concave; caudal fin forked with 19 rays (Ref. 41616).

биология     глоссарий (например epibenthic)

Gregarious fish which swims near the surface (Ref. 30578). Inhabits moderate to fast-flowing large streams to large rivers with rock or gravel bottom. Adults aggregate in dense swarms in winter in the lower reaches of rivers or backwaters and often migrate to spawning streams in autumn and overwinter there. Juveniles spend winter in cavities along the shores. Early juveniles occur in very shallow shoreline habitats and when they grow, they leave the shores for faster-flowing waters. Feeding larvae thrive along shores. Prey on small invertebrates. Spawns in fast-flowing water on shallow gravel beds, often in small tributaries (Ref. 59043). Breeds in March and April (Ref. 30578). Pale yellow eggs are found attached to gravel and stones in shallow, flowing water (Ref. 41678).

Life cycle and mating behavior половая зрелость | размножение | нерест | икра | Fecundity | личинки

Regularly undertake migration of some tens of km to spawning sites, which are often situated in tributaries. Males form large aggregations, each male defending a small territory. Females lay sticky eggs into excavaitons made in gravel (Ref. 59043).

Основная ссылка Upload your references | ссылки | координатор | соавторы

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

Статус Красного Списка МСОП (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Угроза для людей

  Potential pest (Ref. 13686)





Использование человеком

рыболовство: интереса не представляет; объект спортивного рыболовства: да; наживка: usually
FAO - рыболовство: landings; Publication: search | FishSource |

дополнительная информация

ссылки
аквакультура (рыбоводство)
особенности рыбоводства
степень растяжения
генетика
частоты аллелей
наследуемость
болезни
обработка
Nutrients
Mass conversion
соавторы
изображения
Stamps, Coins Misc.
звуки
Ciguatera
скорость
тип плавания
жаберная область
Otoliths
мозг
зрение

инструменты

Специальные отчеты

Скачать в формате XML

ресурсы в Интернет

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00609 - 0.00989), b=3.13 (3.10 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
устойчивость к внешним воздействиям (Ref. 120179):  средний (среднего размера), минимальное время удвоения популяции 1.4-4.4 года (K=0.18-0.25; tm=3-4; tmax=10).
Уязвимость (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .