Acipenser baerii, Siberian sturgeon : fisheries, aquaculture, aquarium

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Acipenser baerii Brandt, 1869

Siberian sturgeon
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Image of Acipenser baerii (Siberian sturgeon)
Acipenser baerii
Picture by Hartl, A.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Acipenseriformes (Sturgeons and paddlefishes) > Acipenseridae (Sturgeons) > Acipenserinae
Etymology: Acipenser: Latin, acipenser = sturgeon, 1853 (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; eau douce; saumâtre démersal; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: ? - 20; potamodrome (Ref. 57765); profondeur 0 - 200 m (Ref. 57765), usually 1 - 8 m (Ref. 57765).   Temperate; 1°C - 19°C (Ref. 57765); 74°N - 46°N, 64°E - 162°E

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Siberia, rivers Ob, Irtysh, Yenisei, Lena, Kolyma, Khatanga, Pyasina, Anabar, Olenyok, Yana and Lake Baikal (Ref. 57765). Non-migratory populations exist in all river systems (Ref. 57765).

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 86.9, range 65 - 167 cm
Max length : 200 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 40476); poids max. publié: 210.0 kg (Ref. 59043); âge max. reporté: 63 années (Ref. 57765)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Extended snouts; four barbels in front of the mouth (Ref. 4639). The back is light grey to dark brown colored. The belly color varies from white to clear yellow. Five row s of scutes: 10-19D, 32-59L, 7-16V. Small star-like scutes between the main ones. Clearly slit inferior lip (Ref. 40476).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Found in deep and shallow parts of rivers, with moderate to swift current usually at depths of 1 to 8 m (Ref. 57765). Adults live essentially in freshwater although some fish frequently occur in estuaries. Males are sexually mature between 9 and 29 years; females between 9 and 34 years (Ref. 57765). Spawn in main river channel over stone-gravel or gravel-sand bottom and with strong current (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Potamodromous species (Ref. 57765). In a natural environment, males reach sexual maturity at 9-1 5 years of age and females at 16-20 years (in water recirculation systems, sexual maturity can first occur at 5 years). Spawning happens in the summer and generally every two years. Membranes on eggs become increasingly more sticky after fertilization and this allows them to stick to the substratum. This can become a problem in nurseries, but it is solved by washing the eggs in clay or diatomaceous earth suspensions. Caviar (not fecundated ovocites ) can be over 1 0% of the corporal weight of a mature female. Incubation lasts about 1 6 days (at 10-1 5°). Larval development lasts about 20 days (at 18°). Egg size 3.0-3.6 mm, larval length at hatching 10-12 mm.

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Baillie, J. and B. Groombridge (eds.), 1996. 1996 IUCN red list of threatened animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. 378 p. (Ref. 12255)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Menacé (EN) (A2bcd+4bcd); Date assessed: 24 October 2009

CITES (Ref. 118484)


Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: hautement commercial; Aquaculture: commercial; Aquarium: Aquariums publics
FAO(Aquaculture: production, Résumé espèce; pêcheries: Résumé espèce; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Plus d'informations

Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Rassemblement de ponte
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Taille/Âge
Croissance
Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
Larves
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Recrutement
Abondance
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
Souches
Génétique
Fréquences alléliques
Héritabilité
Pathologies
Traitement
Mass conversion
Collaborateurs
Images
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Sons
Ciguatera
Vitesse
Type de nage
Surface branchiale
Otolithes
Cerveaux
Vision

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00269 (0.00157 - 0.00463), b=3.27 (3.13 - 3.41), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Très faible, temps minimum de doublement de population supérieur à 14 ans (tm=7-34; tmax=63; Fec=16,500-420,000; K=0.03).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (85 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.