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Parachromis managuensis (Günther, 1867)

Jaguar guapote
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Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Cichlasomatinae
Etymology: Parachromis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Günther.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; zoetwater benthopelagisch; pH range: 7.0 - 8.7; dH range: 10 - 15; diepteverspreiding 3 - 10 m (Ref. 80549).   Tropical; 25°C - 36°C (Ref. 36880); 37°N - 9°N

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Central America: Atlantic slope from the Ulua River (Honduras) to the Matina River (Costa Rica).

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 55.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 40637); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 1.6 kg (Ref. 40637)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 17 - 18; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 10-11; Anale stekels 6-8; Anale zachte stralen: 11 - 12. This species is distinguished by its large mouth, projecting lower jaw, prominent enlarged canine teeth, black spots on fins and body, a more or less continuous black stripe between the eye and opercular margin, another between the eye and the lower angle of the opercle; a row of black blotches along the middle of the side. Distinguished from other members of the genus by having the preopercle expanded at the angle. Body color silvery or golden-green to purple; back moss green, sides with purple iridescence, belly whitish or yellowish; dorsal, anal and caudal fins with numerous black spots, interspaces whitish, yellowish or with blue iridescence; a black blotch on the caudal-fin base. Breeding females with stronger crimson hue to the gill cover.

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Inhabits lakes, preferring turbid waters and mud bottoms of the highly eutrophic lakes (Ref. 7335). Found in springs and ponds over detritus and sand bottom (Ref. 5723). Commonly found in very warm, oxygen depleted inundation lakes (Ref. 8978). Highly predaceous, feeding mainly on small fishes and macroinvertebrates (Ref. 7335; 44091). Oviparous, spawns in batches (Ref. Highly esteemed as food fish (Ref. 44091). Maximum length 63 cm TL (Ref. 5723).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Deposits up to 5,000 eggs on rocks and other hard substrates; both parents guard the eggs and resulting fry (Ref. 44091). Reported to deposit up to 10,496 eggs (Ref. 80549).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Medewerkers

Kullander, S.O., 2003. Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36377)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Potential pest





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: commercieel; Aquacultuur: commercieel; Aquarium: Commercieel
FAO(Aquacultuur: production; Visserij: production; publication : search) | FishSource |

Meer informatie

Landen
FAO regio's
Ecosystems
Voorkomen
Introducties
Stocks
Ecologie
Dieet
voedselitems
Voedselconsumptie
voedselhoeveelheid
Populaire namen
Synoniemen
Metabolisme
Predators
Ecotoxicologie
Voortplanting
Geslachtsrijpheid
Kuitschieten
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eieren
Ontwikkeling van de eieren
Leeftijd/Grootte
Groei
Lengte-gewicht parameters
Lengte-lengte parameters
Lengtefrequenties
Morfometrie
Morfologie
Larven
Populatiedynamica van de larven
recrutering
Abundantie
Referenties
Aquacultuur
Aquacultuurprofiel
Kweeklijnen
Genetica
Alleelfrequenties
Erfelijkheid
Ziekten
Verwerking
Mass conversion
Medewerkers
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Otoliths
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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02291 (0.01263 - 0.04156), b=3.10 (2.93 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.59 se; Based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 69278):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (Assuming tm=1-2; Fec=10,000).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.