Scorpaena cardinalis, Eastern red scorpionfish

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Scorpaena cardinalis Solander & Richardson, 1842

Eastern red scorpionfish
إضافة ملاحظاتك Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Scorpaena cardinalis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
ارفع صور و مقاطع فيديو
Pictures | Videos | صور قوقل
Image of Scorpaena cardinalis (Eastern red scorpionfish)
Scorpaena cardinalis
Picture by Randall, J.E.

التصنيف / Names الأسماء الشائعة | مرادفات | Catalog of Fishes(جنس, الانواع) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Perciformes/Scorpaenoidei (Scorpionfishes) > Scorpaenidae (Scorpionfishes or rockfishes) > Scorpaeninae
Etymology: Scorpaena: Latin, scorpaena = a kind of fish, 1706 (Ref. 45335).  More on authors: Solander & Richardson.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range البيئة

; بحري مرتبطة بالشعاب; نطاق العمق 0 - 154 m (Ref. 93606).   Temperate

التوزيع دول | مناطق الفاو | النظام البيئي | الظهور | Point map | مقدمة | Faunafri

Southwest Pacific: northern New Zealand and offshore islands of the Tasman Sea (Norfolk and Lord Howe Islands, Middleton and Elizabeth Reefs, New South Wales, Australia; not recorded from the coastal waters of Australian mainland).

الحجم / وزن / العمر

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm TL ذكر/ مختلط الجنس; (Ref. 26966)

وصف مختصر الوصف الخارجي | قياسات المظهر الخارجي

الأشعة الظهرية الناعمة (المجموع): 8-9. This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: D 9 (8 rays in one specimen), with the 4th (rarely third) dorsal-fin spine longest; pectoral-fin rays 16-18 (mode 17); scale rows in longitudinal series 60-74 (68); pored lateral-line scales 23-25 (24); scales above lateral line 6-9 (8), below 21-26 (22); scale rows between 6th dorsal-fin spine base and lateral line 8 or 9 (9); scale rows between last dorsal-fin spine base and lateral line 8-11 (10); pre-dorsal scale rows 4-8 (6); gill rakers on upper limb 4-6 (5), lower limb 9-13 (12) [8-10 (9) and 1-4 (3) rakers on ceratohyal and hypobranchial, respectively], total rakers 14-18 (17); exposed cycloid scales covering pectoral-fin base and anteroventral surface of body (some scales covered by thin skin, especially in large adults); no longitudinal ridge on lateral surface of maxilla; lateral lacrimal spine with 2 spinous points; anterior lacrimal spine with 1-3 small spinous points on its posterior margin; posterior lacrima spine with 1-3 spinous points, directed posteroventraly throughout life; median interorbital ridge present; no coonal spines; occipital pit and supplement preopercular spine present; pterotic spine simple, smooth distally throughout life; space between upper and lower opercular spines covered by thin skin without sensory pores or canals; a few skin flaps or tentacles on anterodorsal surface of body; without a large black blotch on spinous portion of dorsal fin in both sexes; 2 large white blotches, their diameters subequal to pupil diameter, on caudal-fin base (Ref. 93606).

أحياء     المصطلحات (على سبيل المثال epibenthic)

Inhabits rocks, crevices and caverns at all depths. Occasionally found in large rock pools in the lower littoral zone. Is nocturnally active and feeds mainly on small mobile benthic animals. Stalks its prey and swallows it whole (Ref. 26966).

Life cycle and mating behavior النضج | التكاثر | وضع البيض | بيض | الخصوبة | Larvae

المرجع الرئيسي Upload your references | مراجع | المنظم | المتعاونين

Motomura, H., C.D. Struthers, M.A. McGrouther and A.L. Stewart, 2011. Validity of Scorpaena jacksoniensis and a redescription of S. cardinalis, a senior synonym of S. cookii (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae). Ichthyol. Res. 58 (4):315-332. (Ref. 93606)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

خطر للأنسان


استخدامات بشرية

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مزيد من المعلومات

مناطق الفاو
النظام البيئي
عناصر الغذاء
استهلاك الأغذية
الأسماء الشائعة
علم السميات البيئية
وضع البيض
تجمعات وضع البيض
تطور البيضة
العمر/ الحجم
الطول- الترددات
قياسات المظهر الخارجي
الوصف الخارجي
حركة انتقال اليرقات
الأستزراع المائي
ملف الأستزراع المائي
تواتر الأليل
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
التسمم باكل السمك
نوع السباحة
منطقة الخياشيم
عظمة الأذن


تقارير خاصة

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مصادر علي الأنترنت

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 16 - 22.6, mean 17.6 °C (based on 56 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01820 (0.00702 - 0.04716), b=3.03 (2.81 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
مستوى غذائي (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.5 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.9 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
المرونه (Ref. 120179):  وسيط, الحد الزمني الأدني لتضاعف عدد أفراد المجتمع 1.4-4.4 سنة (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
عرضة للخطر (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 25 [11, 58] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.243 [0.132, 0.459] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [16.6, 20.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.48 [0.20, 1.40] g/100g ; Selenium = 7.69 [3.30, 20.30] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 66.7 [15.8, 277.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.703 [0.425, 1.178] mg/100g (wet weight);