You can sponsor this page

Misgurnus fossilis (Linnaeus, 1758)

Weatherfish
把你的觀察加入 Fish Watcher
Native range
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Misgurnus fossilis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
上傳你的 相片 和 影像
Pictures | Google 影像
Image of Misgurnus fossilis (Weatherfish)
Misgurnus fossilis
Picture by Tveskov, E.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Cypriniformes (Carps) 鯉形目 (Carps) > Cobitidae (Loaches) 鰍科 (Loaches) > Cobitinae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 淡水; 半鹹淡水 居於水底的; 河川洄游 (Ref. 51243).   溫帶; 4°C - 25°C (Ref. 1672); 62°N - 42°N, 15°E - 61°E

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Europe and Asia: In Europe, north of the Alps, from Meuse eastward to Neva drainages and Lake Ladoga; northern Black Sea basin from Danube eastward to Kuban, absent on the southern section; Caspian basin in Volga and Ural drainages. Not native to Great Britain, Scandinavia, Apennine and Iberian peninsulas, Crimea, and Adriatic, Aegean and White Sea basins. Locally introduced in Rhône drainage (France) and perhaps elsewhere (Ref. 59043). In Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna) (Ref. 1441).
歐洲與亞洲: 法國到俄國。 在伯恩公約的附錄 3 中 (受保育的動物群).

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?, range 11 - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 556); 30.7 cm TL (female); common length : 15.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 556)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 3; 背的軟條 (總數): 5-6; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 8 - 11; 脊椎骨: 49 - 50. Broad midlateral stripe from eye to caudal base and narrow stripe from opercle at least to pelvic origin. Lamina circularis absent in males (Ref. 59043). Caudal fin with 14-16 rays (Ref. 40476).
尾鰭有 14-16個鰭條。 (參考文獻 40476)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Found in lower reaches of slow-flowing rivers, but can also be found in still pools (Ref. 9696), on sandy bottoms of ponds, pools and ditches. Adults are nocturnal which burrow into mud during dry periods and strong frosts. Usually, burrows are 20-30 cm deep, occasionally down to 70 cm during dry periods (Ref. 59043). During the day, they stay buried in the sand. Feed on insect larvae and small mollusks. Seldom captured with hook and line (Ref. 30578). Are sensitive to pollutants which accumulate in the sediment (Ref. 11941). Facultative air-breathers (Ref. 27368). A female specimen measuring 30.7 cm TL was recorded from Netherlands (Ref. 114650).

發現於緩慢流動河的下游了, 但是也能被發現於靜止的水池.(參考文獻 9696) 生活於池塘,水池與溝渠的砂質底部。 在白天期間,它停留埋藏在砂中。 吃昆蟲幼生與小的軟體動物。 很少用一支釣捕獲了。 (參考文獻 30578) 它是對在沉澱物中累積的污染物質敏感.(參考文獻 11941) 官能性呼吸空氣的魚類.(參考文獻 27368)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Male follows female into dense vegetation and forms a complete ring around her body, behind dorsal fin (Ref. 59043).歐洲與亞洲: 法國到俄國。 在伯恩公約的附錄 3 中 (受保育的動物群).

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 119314)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 05 March 2010

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 沒有興趣; 誘餌: usually
FAO(漁業: 產生; publication : search) | FishSource |

更多資訊

年龄/大小
成長
長度-重量
長度-長度
長度-頻率
形態測量圖
型態特徵
仔魚
稚魚動力學
入添量
豐度
參考文獻
養殖
養殖資訊
品種
遺傳學
基因序列
遺傳率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
聲音
神經毒
速度
泳型
鰓區
Otoliths
腦重體重比
眼睛色素

工具

特別的報告

下載 XML

網路資源

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00241 - 0.00829), b=3.06 (2.90 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (tm=2; Fec=100,000-150,000).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .