Scarus rivulatus, Rivulated parrotfish : fisheries

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Scarus rivulatus Valenciennes, 1840

Rivulated parrotfish
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Scarus rivulatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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> Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Scaridae (Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Etymology: Scarus: Greek, skaros = a fish described by anciente writers as a parrot fish; 1601 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海 関連する礁; 深さの範囲 1 - 30 m (Ref. 86942).   Tropical; 30°N - 32°S

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Western Pacific: Thailand to New Caledonia, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to Perth and New South Wales in Australia. Recently recorded from Tonga (Ref. 53797).

サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 2935); common length : 20.0 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 2935)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 9; 背鰭 (合計): 10; 肛門の骨 3; 臀鰭: 9. This species is distinguished by the following features: 5-7 (usually 6) median predorsal scales; 3 scale rows on cheek 1(5-7), 2(5-7), 3(1-4); pectoral-fin rays 13-15 (usually 14); conical teeth on side of dental plate, none in female and usually 2 on upper and 0-1 on lower of dental plates for terminal male; lips nearly covering dental plates; caudal fin slightly rounded to truncate in female and emarginate in terminal male. Colour of patch covering cheek and gill cover of male orange, wavy band/lines on snout and cheek, pectoral fins pale green; female grey or grey-brown with 2 pale stripes on belly (Ref. 9793, 90102).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Found in silty coastal and offshore areas to 20 m deep (Ref. 90102). Inhabits rocky and coral reefs from tidal pools to at least 10 m deep. Form schools with 30 to 40 individuals. Grazes on benthic algae and corals (Ref. 2935). Reproductively active terminal males become bicolored (Ref. 37816).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター : Westneat, Mark | 協力者

Randall, J.E. and J.H. Choat, 1980. Two new parrotfishes of the genus Scarus from the Central and South Pacific, with further examples of sexual dichromatism. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 70:383-419. (Ref. 2689)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 123251)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 18 September 2009

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

水産業: 商業
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | 私達の周りの海

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共通名の
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成熟
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.8 - 29.3, mean 28.5 °C (based on 2763 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.01029 - 0.02330), b=3.07 (2.95 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 5.0 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  手段, 1.4年~4.4年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 31.2 [19.1, 51.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.68 [0.44, 0.99] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [16.5, 20.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.0913 [, ] g/100g ; Selenium = 17.2 [10.2, 28.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 41.4 [12.2, 134.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.31 [1.62, 3.19] mg/100g (wet weight);