Scarus rivulatus, Rivulated parrotfish : fisheries

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Scarus rivulatus Valenciennes, 1840

Rivulated parrotfish
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Scarus rivulatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes(Släkte, Arter) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Scaridae (Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Etymology: Scarus: Greek, skaros = a fish described by anciente writers as a parrot fish; 1601 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina revassocierade; djupintervall 1 - 30 m (Ref. 86942).   Tropical; 30°N - 32°S

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Thailand to New Caledonia, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to Perth and New South Wales in Australia. Recently recorded from Tonga (Ref. 53797).

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 2935); common length : 20.0 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 2935)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 9; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 10; Taggstrålar i analfenan 3; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 9. This species is distinguished by the following features: 5-7 (usually 6) median predorsal scales; 3 scale rows on cheek 1(5-7), 2(5-7), 3(1-4); pectoral-fin rays 13-15 (usually 14); conical teeth on side of dental plate, none in female and usually 2 on upper and 0-1 on lower of dental plates for terminal male; lips nearly covering dental plates; caudal fin slightly rounded to truncate in female and emarginate in terminal male. Colour of patch covering cheek and gill cover of male orange, wavy band/lines on snout and cheek, pectoral fins pale green; female grey or grey-brown with 2 pale stripes on belly (Ref. 9793, 90102).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Found in silty coastal and offshore areas to 20 m deep (Ref. 90102). Inhabits rocky and coral reefs from tidal pools to at least 10 m deep. Form schools with 30 to 40 individuals. Grazes on benthic algae and corals (Ref. 2935). Reproductively active terminal males become bicolored (Ref. 37816).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Westneat, Mark | Medarbetare

Randall, J.E. and J.H. Choat, 1980. Two new parrotfishes of the genus Scarus from the Central and South Pacific, with further examples of sexual dichromatism. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 70:383-419. (Ref. 2689)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 18 September 2009

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: kommersiell
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Ytterligare information

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Ekosystem
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Fecundity
Ägg
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Age/Size
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Length-weight
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Length-frequencies
Morfometri
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.8 - 29.3, mean 28.5 °C (based on 2763 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.01029 - 0.02330), b=3.07 (2.95 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 5.0 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 31.2 [19.1, 51.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.68 [0.44, 0.99] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [16.5, 20.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.0913 [, ] g/100g ; Selenium = 17.2 [10.2, 28.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 41.4 [12.2, 134.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.31 [1.62, 3.19] mg/100g (wet weight);