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Raja straeleni Poll, 1951

Spotted skate
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Raja straeleni   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Raja straeleni (Spotted skate)
Raja straeleni
Picture by Zsilavecz, G.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Élasmobranches (requins et raies) (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes (Skates and rays) > Rajidae (Skates) > Rajinae
Etymology: Raja: Latin, raja, -ae = a sting ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335);  straeleni: Named after V. Van Straelen, director of IRSNB, Belgium (Ref. 377).  More on author: Poll.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin démersal; océanodrome; profondeur 80 - 800 m (Ref. 11284), usually 100 - 300 m (Ref. 26999).   Tropical; 15°N - 30°S

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Rio de Oro, Western Sahara to South Africa.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 26999); 67.0 cm TL (female); poids max. publié: 1.4 kg (Ref. 377); poids max. publié: 1.4 kg

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

A black-spotted skate with a blunt, angular snout, a long, stout tail, and a broad angular disc; strong thorns on upper surface of disc and tail at all stages, sometimes on underside in large individuals (Ref. 5578). Brown to grey dorsally, with small to large black spots, whorls and blotches; many with gold and black, traversely oblong eyespot on each pectoral base; white ventrally with no dark pores (Ref. 5578). Juveniles have no dark spots above (Ref. 2708).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Found in shallow enclosed bays and on the slope (Ref. 5578). Feeds on invertebrates, bony fishes and fish offal. Oviparous (Ref. 50449). Eggs have horn-like projections on the shell (Ref. 205). Caught by shore and ski-boat anglers and by hake trawlers. Pectoral fins sold as 'skate wings' (Ref. 5578). Undergoes regular migration, towards the coast during the warm season and towards deep waters in winter (Ref. 5377).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : McEachran, John | Collaborateurs

McEachran, J.D. and K.A. Dunn, 1998. Phylogenetic analysis of skates, a morphologically conservative clade of elasmobranchs (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae). Copeia 1998(2):271-290. (Ref. 27314)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Données manquantes (DD) ; Date assessed: 05 September 2003

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: commercial; pêche sportive: oui
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Frai
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Sources Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(génôme, nucléotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia(aller à, chercher) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 10.2 - 15.7, mean 12.3 (based on 76 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00275 (0.00124 - 0.00609), b=3.25 (3.07 - 3.43), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.62 se; Based on food items.
Résilience (Ref. 69278):  Faible, temps minimum de doublement de population : 4,5 à 14 années (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   Medium.