Hippoglossus stenolepis, Pacific halibut : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium

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Hippoglossus stenolepis Schmidt, 1904

Pacific halibut
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Hippoglossus stenolepis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)
Hippoglossus stenolepis
Picture by Archipelago Marine Research Ltd.

رده بندی / Names اسامي عام | مترادف | Catalog of Fishes(جنس, گونه ها) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Pleuronectidae (Righteye flounders) > Hippoglossinae
Etymology: Hippoglossus: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek, glossa = tongue (Ref. 45335);  stenolepis: From the Greek hippos (horse), glossa (tounge), steno (narrow), lepis, (scale). In 1904, a Russian scientist by the name of P.J. Schmidt first proposed the scientific name based on anatomical differences such as scale shape, pectoral fin length, and body shape which he thought distinguished it from the Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus). (Ref. 94075).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range بوم شناسي

; دريايي نزديك كف زي; اقیانوس رو (Ref. 51243); تغييرات عمق 0 - 1200 m (Ref. 50550). Temperate; 73°N - 42°N, 138°E - 123°W (Ref. 54557)

پراكنش كشورها | مناطق سازمان خوار و بار جهاني (FAO) | Ecosystems | ظهور | Point map | معرفي | Faunafri

North Pacific: Hokkaido, Japan and the Sea of Okhotsk to the southern Chukchi Sea and Point Camalu, Baja California, Mexico.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / سن

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 258 cm TL جنس نر / بدون خواص جنسي; (Ref. 40637); 267.0 cm TL (female); بيشينه وزن گزارش شده: 363.0 kg (Ref. ); بيشينه سن گزارش شده: 55 سال ها (Ref. 55701)

توصيف مختصر ريخت شناسي | ريخت ستجي بوسيله انداره گيري

خارهاي باله پشتي (کل): 0; شعاع نرم باله پشتي (کل): 90-106; خارهاي باله مخرجي 0; شعاع نرم باله مخرجي: 69 - 80; مهره ها: 49 - 51. Dorsal origin above anterior part of pupil in upper eye, generally low, higher in middle. Caudal spread and slightly lunate. Pectorals small.

زيست شناسي     واژه نامه (بعنوان مثال epibenthic)

Found on various types of bottoms (Ref. 2850). Young are found near shore, moving out to deeper waters as they grow older (Ref. 6885). Older individuals typically move from deeper water along the edge of the continental shelf where they spend the winter, to shallow coastal water (27-274 m) for the summer (Ref. 28499). Feed on fishes, crabs, clams, squids, and other invertebrates (Ref. 6885). Utilized fresh, dried or salted, smoked and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior بلوغ | تولید مثل | تخم ریزی | تخم ها | Fecundity | توزاد ( لارو)

مآخذ اصلی Upload your references | مراجع | هماهنگ كننده : Amaoka, Kunio | همكاران

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)

وضعيت در فهرست قرمز IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  حداقل نگرانی (LC) ; Date assessed: 05 November 2020

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

خطر برای انسان ها

  Harmless





استفاده انسانی

ماهي گيري – شيلات: با ارزش تجاري بالا; ماهي ها ي سرگرم كننده: بله; آكواريوم: آکواریوم عمومی
FAO - ماهي گيري – شيلات: landings, نمايه گونه; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

اطلاعات بيشتر

اسامي عام
مترادف
سوخت و ساز
شکارچیان
سم شناسي بوم زيستي
تولید مثل
بلوغ
تخم ریزی
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
تخم ها
نمو تخم
مراجع
آبزي پروري
نمايه آبزي پروري
نژادها
ژنتيك
تواتر آلل ها
وارث
بيماري ها
فرآوری
Nutrients
Mass conversion
همكاران
عکس ها
Stamps, Coins Misc.
صداها
سيگواترا
سرعت
نوع شناگری
منطقه آبششي
Otoliths
مغزها
بینایی

ابزارها

گزارش های ويژه

بارگيری XML

منابع اينترنتي

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | فيش واچر را ببينيد | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: جنس, گونه ها | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - ماهي گيري – شيلات: landings, نمايه گونه; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: ژنوم, نوکلئوتيد | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | آکواریوم عمومی | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: برو, جستجو | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.3 - 5.7, mean 1.6 °C (based on 454 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00407 - 0.01023), b=3.13 (2.99 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
جهندگی (Ref. 120179):  پايين ، كم, كمينه زمان لازم براي دو برابر شدن جمعيت 5/4 – 14 سال (rm=0.2; K=0.05; tm=5-20; tmax=55).
Prior r = 0.11, 95% CL = 0.06 - 0.18, Based on 2 stock assessments.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (86 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):  Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100) .
طبقه قيمت (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 8.24 [3.22, 22.57] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.215 [0.085, 0.515] mg/100g ; Protein = 18 [16, 20] % ; Omega3 = 0.36 [0.16, 0.75] g/100g ; Selenium = 47.1 [17.1, 114.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 11 [3, 46] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.407 [0.170, 0.738] mg/100g (wet weight);