Hippoglossus stenolepis, Pacific halibut : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium

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Hippoglossus stenolepis Schmidt, 1904

Pacific halibut
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Hippoglossus stenolepis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)
Hippoglossus stenolepis
Picture by Archipelago Marine Research Ltd.

分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Pleuronectidae (Righteye flounders) > Hippoglossinae
Etymology: Hippoglossus: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek, glossa = tongue (Ref. 45335);  stenolepis: From the Greek hippos (horse), glossa (tounge), steno (narrow), lepis, (scale). In 1904, a Russian scientist by the name of P.J. Schmidt first proposed the scientific name based on anatomical differences such as scale shape, pectoral fin length, and body shape which he thought distinguished it from the Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus). (Ref. 94075).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 海 底生の; 海洋回遊性 (Ref. 51243); 深さの範囲 0 - 1200 m (Ref. 50550). Temperate; 73°N - 42°N, 138°E - 123°W (Ref. 54557)

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

North Pacific: Hokkaido, Japan and the Sea of Okhotsk to the southern Chukchi Sea and Point Camalu, Baja California, Mexico.

Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 258 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 40637); 267.0 cm TL (female); 最大公表体重: 363.0 kg (Ref. ); 最大記録サイズ: 55 年 (Ref. 55701)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 0; 背鰭 (合計): 90-106; 肛門の骨 0; 臀鰭: 69 - 80; 脊つい: 49 - 51. Dorsal origin above anterior part of pupil in upper eye, generally low, higher in middle. Caudal spread and slightly lunate. Pectorals small.

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Found on various types of bottoms (Ref. 2850). Young are found near shore, moving out to deeper waters as they grow older (Ref. 6885). Older individuals typically move from deeper water along the edge of the continental shelf where they spend the winter, to shallow coastal water (27-274 m) for the summer (Ref. 28499). Feed on fishes, crabs, clams, squids, and other invertebrates (Ref. 6885). Utilized fresh, dried or salted, smoked and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター : Amaoka, Kunio | 協力者

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 125652)

  軽度懸念 (LC) ; Date assessed: 05 November 2020

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

水産業: 高い商業の; ゲームフィッシュ: はい; 水族館・水槽: 公共の水族館
FAO - 水産業: landings, 種の外形; Publication: search | FishSource | 私達の周りの海

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遺伝子の
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シガテラ(食中毒の名前)
速度
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Otoliths

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インターネットの情報源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: 部類, | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - 水産業: landings, 種の外形; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: ゲノム, ヌクレオチド | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | 公共の水族館 | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 生命の木 | Wikipedia: 行く, 検索する | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 動物に関する記録

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.3 - 5.7, mean 1.6 °C (based on 454 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00407 - 0.01023), b=3.13 (2.99 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  低い, 4.5年~14年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (rm=0.2; K=0.05; tm=5-20; tmax=55).
Prior r = 0.11, 95% CL = 0.06 - 0.18, Based on 2 stock assessments.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (86 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):  Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 8.24 [3.22, 22.57] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.215 [0.085, 0.515] mg/100g ; Protein = 18 [16, 20] % ; Omega3 = 0.36 [0.16, 0.75] g/100g ; Selenium = 47.1 [17.1, 114.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 11 [3, 46] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.407 [0.170, 0.738] mg/100g (wet weight);