Hippoglossus stenolepis, Pacific halibut : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium

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Hippoglossus stenolepis Schmidt, 1904

Pacific halibut
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Hippoglossus stenolepis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)
Hippoglossus stenolepis
Picture by Archipelago Marine Research Ltd.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Pleuronectidae (Righteye flounders) > Hippoglossinae
Etymology: Hippoglossus: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek, glossa = tongue (Ref. 45335);  stenolepis: From the Greek hippos (horse), glossa (tounge), steno (narrow), lepis, (scale). In 1904, a Russian scientist by the name of P.J. Schmidt first proposed the scientific name based on anatomical differences such as scale shape, pectoral fin length, and body shape which he thought distinguished it from the Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus). (Ref. 94075).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 居于水底的; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 0 - 1200 m (Ref. 50550). 溫帶; 73°N - 42°N, 138°E - 123°W (Ref. 54557)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

North Pacific: Hokkaido, Japan and the Sea of Okhotsk to the southern Chukchi Sea and Point Camalu, Baja California, Mexico.
北太平洋: 日本北海道與鄂霍次克海到楚克其人海洋南部與點 Camalu ,墨西哥的下加利福尼亞。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 258 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 40637); 267.0 cm TL (female); 最大体重: 363.0 kg (Ref. ); 最大年龄: 55 年 (Ref. 55701)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 90-106; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 69 - 80; 脊椎骨: 49 - 51. Dorsal origin above anterior part of pupil in upper eye, generally low, higher in middle. Caudal spread and slightly lunate. Pectorals small.
在眼睛上方中的在瞳孔的前部上面的背鳍起点, 通常低的, 比较高的在中央中。 尾部的传布与些微新月状。 胸鳍小的。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found on various types of bottoms (Ref. 2850). Young are found near shore, moving out to deeper waters as they grow older (Ref. 6885). Older individuals typically move from deeper water along the edge of the continental shelf where they spend the winter, to shallow coastal water (27-274 m) for the summer (Ref. 28499). Feed on fishes, crabs, clams, squids, and other invertebrates (Ref. 6885). Utilized fresh, dried or salted, smoked and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

栖息于各种不同类型的底部了。 (参考文献 2850) 当他们生长比较年长的时候,幼鱼被发现被外移至比较深的水域的近岸。 (参考文献 6885) 年纪较大的个体典型地从较深的水域移动沿着大陆架的边缘在哪里它们度过冬天, 对水浅的海岸水域 (27-274 公尺) 夏天.(参考文献 28499) 吃鱼,螃蟹,蛤,乌贼与其他的无脊椎动物。 (参考文献 6885) 生鲜使用, 乾燥或盐腌, 烟熏与冷冻的; 清蒸,油炸,火烤, 煮沸, 微波了而且烧烤了.(参考文献 9988)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

北太平洋: 日本北海道與鄂霍次克海到楚克其人海洋南部與點 Camalu ,墨西哥的下加利福尼亞。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Amaoka, Kunio | 合作者

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 125652)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 05 November 2020

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 高经济性; 游钓鱼种: 是的; 水族馆: 公众的水族馆
FAO - 渔业: landings, 物种外形; Publication: search | FishSource | 周边海洋

更多信息

俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Nutrients
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
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声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

工具

特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - 渔业: landings, 物种外形; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | 公众的水族馆 | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.3 - 5.7, mean 1.6 °C (based on 454 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00407 - 0.01023), b=3.13 (2.99 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (rm=0.2; K=0.05; tm=5-20; tmax=55).
Prior r = 0.11, 95% CL = 0.06 - 0.18, Based on 2 stock assessments.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (86 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):  Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 8.24 [3.22, 22.57] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.215 [0.085, 0.515] mg/100g ; Protein = 18 [16, 20] % ; Omega3 = 0.36 [0.16, 0.75] g/100g ; Selenium = 47.1 [17.1, 114.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 11 [3, 46] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.407 [0.170, 0.738] mg/100g (wet weight);